Table 1

Difference in Demographic Characteristics, Food and Nutrition Program Participation, and Eating Behaviors between U.S.-Born and Mexico-Born Mexican-origin Women in Texas-Mexico Border Colonias (n = 599)1

Total Sample (n = 599)

U.S.-born (n = 194)

Mexico-born (n = 405)

Variable

% (n)

% (n)

% (n)


Demographic characteristics

Age, y (mean ± SD)

39.9 ± 14.5

38.1 ± 14.7

40.8 ± 12.3*

Education

< 7th grade

30.2 (181)

10.8 (21)

39.5 (160)***2

7th-11th grade

31.5 (189)

24.7 (48)

34.8 (141)**

Ethnic self-identification

Hispanic

9.2 (55)

19.6 (38)

4.2 (17)***2

Mexican American

27.9 (167)

76.3 (148)

4.7 (19)***2

Mexican

61.8 (370)

1.5 (3)

90.6 (367)***2

Household income (FPL)

No response

25.4 (152)

26.8 (52)

24.7 (100)

≤ 75% FPL

63.8 (382)

55.1 (107)

67.9 (275)**2

76%-100% FPL

8.5 (51)

12.4 (24)

6.7 (27)**

Employment

Full-time outside home for wages

26.7 (160)

33.5 (65)

23.5 (95)**

Part-time outside home

21.4 (128)

19.1 (37)

22.5 (91)

Marital status

Married

59.8 (358)

51.0 (99)

63.9 (259)**

Household composition

Adults (total)

1.9 ± 0.7

1.9 ± 0.8

2.0 ± 0.7

Lone parent

19.9 (119)

27.8 (54)

16.0 (65)***2

Children (total)

2.0 ± 1.6

1.7 ± 1.4

2.1 ± 1.7**

Children (≥ 1)

79.5 (476)

77.3 (150)

80.5 (326)

Total adults and children

3.9 ± 1.8

3.6 ± 1.7

4.1 ± 1.9**

BMI (kg/m2)3

Normal (< 25)

30.3 (177)

35.1 (67)

28.0 (110)

Overweight (25-29.9)

35.1 (205)

26.2 (50)

39.4 (155)***2

Obese (≥ 30)

34.6 (202)

38.7 (74)

32.6 (128)

Transportation

No car available

19.5 (117)

11.9 (23)

23.2 (94)***2

Ride with family or friend4

88.9 (104)

91.3 (21)

88.3 (83)

Pay for transportation4

29.1 (34)

26.1 (6)

29.8 (28)

Food and nutrition program

SNAP

55.1 (330)

55.7 (108)

54.8 (222)

WIC5

42.6 (203)

42.7 (64)

42.6 (139)

School breakfast5

53.8 (256)

60.7 (91)

50.6 (165)*

School lunch5

54.0 (257)

60.7 (91)

50.9 (166)*

Eating behaviors

Fruit and vegetables/day

3.5 ± 1.6

3.4 ± 1.7

3.5 ± 1.5

Sugar-sweetened beverages/day

1.7 ± 1.6

1.9 ± 2.0

1.6 ± 1.4**

Fast food meals/week

1.1 ± 1.1

1.4 ± 1.5

0.9 ± 0.9***2


1 Comparisons were performed using χ2 test (categorical variables) and t-test (continuous variables).

Statistically significant at level of: * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001

2 Statistically significant after using Bonferroni correction for multiple comparison (Bonferroni-corrected p = 0.002).

3 n = 585 due to missing data on self-reported height or weight.

4 n = 117 who do not have a car available

5 n = 476 households with ≥ 1 child

Sharkey et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:101   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-101

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