Table 3

Adjusted prevalence (with standard error) of and adjusted odds ratios (with 95% confidence intervals) for taking vitamin supplements among adults aged ≥ 18 years, by sex and by depression and anxiety status, BRFSS, 2006

Adjusted prevalence*

Adjusted odds ratio*



% (SE)

AOR

95% CI


Men (n = 18, 497)

Ever diagnosed depression

Yes (n = 2, 140)

56.5 (1.8)¶

1.40

1.18-1.66

No (n = 15, 952)

48.8 (0.6)

1.00

Ever diagnosed anxiety

Yes (n = 1, 508)

57.5 (2.3)¶

1.46

1.18-1.80

No (n = 16, 584)

49.0 (0.6)

1.00

EDS

Yes (n = 1, 162)

52.1 (3.1)

1.12

0.86-1.47

No (n = 16, 930)

49.5 (0.6)

1.00

Women (n = 28, 332)

Ever diagnosed depression

Yes (n = 5, 879)

65.0 (1.0)§

1.15

1.04-1.28

No (n = 22, 148)

62.0 (0.5)

1.00

Ever diagnosed anxiety

Yes (n = 4, 038)

64.0 (1.2)

1.08

0.95-1.22

No (n = 23, 989)

62.4 (0.5)

1.00

EDS

Yes (n = 2, 816)

61.2 (1.5)

0.92

0.80-1.07

No (n = 25, 211)

62.8 (0.5)

1.00


*Adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, education, body mass index, marital status, smoking, leisure-time physical activity, and alcohol consumption. § P < 0.01, ¶ P < 0.001 for comparisons between adults with ever diagnosed depression or anxiety and those without. AOR = Adjusted odds ratio, BRFSS = Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, CI = Confidence interval, EDS = Elevated depressive symptoms, SE = Standard Error

Zhao et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:102   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-102

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