Table 1

Univariate and multivariate analysis of factors associated with death

Variable

Outcome (died) n, (row %)

Unadjusted OR (95% CI)

P-value

Adjusted OR (95% CI)

P-value


Sex (n = 430)

F (n = 192)

81 (46.6)

1

1

M (n = 238)

93 (53.5)

1.14

(0.77-1.68)

0.01

1.03

(0.65-1.64)

0.8


Age group, months (n = 430)

6-11 (n = 99

47 (27.0)

1

1

12-17 (n = 130)

58 (33.3)

0.89

(0.52-1.51)

0.84

(0.45-1.60)

0.6

18-23 (n = 114)

38 (21.8)

0.55

(0.32-0.96)

0.1

0.44

(0.23-0.85)

0.02

24-59 (n = 87)

31 (17.8)

0.61

(0.34-1.10)

0.6

(0.30-1.20)

0.2


Nutritional status (n = 402)

Marasmic (n = 110)

38 (23.0)

1

1

Kwashiorkor (n = 162)

57 (34.6)

1.03

(0.62-1.71

1.27

(0.70-2.31)

0.8

Marasmic-kwash (n = 130)

70 (42.4)

2.2

(1.31-3.73)

0.002

2.8

(1.52-5.15)

0.001


HIV status, (n = 417)

HIV-ve (n = 256)

91 (54.9)

1

1

HIV+ve (n = 161)

75 (45.2)

1.58

(1.06-2.37)

0.03

1.6

(0.99-2.48)

0.06


Diarrhea, (n = 380)

No (n = 125)

35 (21.5)

1

1

Yes (n = 255)

128 (78.5)

2.59

(1.62-4.16)

< 0.001

2.5

(1.50-4.09)

< 0.001


Fever, (n = 379)

No (n = 197)

92 (56.8)

1

1

Yes (n = 182)

70 (43.2)

0.72

(0.47-1.08)

0.1

0.59

(0.37-0.93)

0.4


OR: odds ratio, n: number, -ve: negative, +ve: positive, CI: confidence Interval

Irena et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:110   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-110

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