Meal intake at maximum satiety is expressed in kcal. The test was performed after a beverage pre-load administering a solid or liquid meal at a constant rate (about 110 kcal) every five minutes until maximum satiety. No differences were found between water, a de-carbonated beverage (B-CO2) and a carbonated beverage (B+CO2) for both solid and liquid meals. Significant differences were found in each beverage in both solid and liquid meals.
Cuomo et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:114 doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-114