Table 5

Multivariate-adjusted associations of regional dietary patterns with abdominal adiposity, hypertension, and diabetes status, India Health Study

Abdominal Adiposity

Hypertension

Diabetes¥

Nprev

OR*

95% CI

Ptrend

Nprev

OR*

95% CI

Ptrend

Nprev

OR*

95% CI

Ptrend


    DELHI

Ntot§=703

Ntot§=763

Ntot§=767

Fruit - dairy

T1

204

1.00

98

1.00

44

1.00

T2

218

1.04

0.55-1.97

108

0.93

0.63-1.38

56

1.13

0.71-1.80

T3

224

2.32

1.03-5.23

0.008

153

2.20

1.47-3.31

<0.0001

38

0.66

0.39-1.11

0.07

Vegetables - pulses

T1

223

1.00

134

1.00

46

1.00

T2

209

1.14

0.55-2.39

100

0.67

0.46-1.00

47

1.18

0.73-1.89

T3

214

0.76

0.38-1.53

0.19

125

0.90

0.61-1.33

0.83

45

0.93

0.57-1.50

0.65

    TRIVANDRUM

Ntot§=1,789

Ntot§=1,932

Ntot§=2,014

Pulses - rice

T1

558

1.00

325

1.00

193

1.00

T2

523

0.72

0.45-1.14

311

0.99

0.77-1.27

169

0.74

0.56-0.96

T3

542

0.88

0.39-1.13

0.09

358

1.13

0.84-1.52

0.41

205

0.70

0.51-0.95

0.03

Sweets - snacks

T1

471

1.00

325

1.00

185

1.00

T2

559

2.15

1.41-3.29

339

1.12

0.88-1.44

187

1.13

0.87-1.47

T3

594

2.05

1.34-3.14

0.03

330

1.04

0.80-1.34

0.87

195

1.19

0.90-1.56

0.25

    MUMBAI
¥

Ntot§=723

Ntot§=743

Fruit - vegetables

T1

198

1.00

129

1.00

T2

206

1.09

0.67-1.78

111

0.70

0.47-1.05

T3

220

1.28

0.73-2.26

0.37

105

0.63

0.40-0.99

0.05

Snacks - meat

T1

200

1.00

106

1.00

T2

208

0.97

0.61-1.54

114

1.05

0.71-1.55

T3

216

1.61

0.96-2.71

0.09

125

1.21

0.81-1.82

0.32


Abbreviations: OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; T, tertile

§Total number in each region; missing excluded from analysis

Number of participants who have condition within each sex-specific tertile of dietary pattern concordance

*Multivariate adjustment for age, gender, education, income, marital status, tobacco and alcohol use, religion, physical activity, total energy intake

¥ No fasting blood collected in Mumbai

Daniel et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:12   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-12

Open Data