Table 2

The characteristics of the study sample

Total

Intervention group (n = 200)

Control group (n = 200)


No. (%)

No. (%)

No. (%)

P


Age

0.55


60-64

255 (63.8)

120 (65.0)

125 (62.5)


65-69

87 (21.7)

34 (17.0)

53 (26.5)


70-74

47 (11.7)

30 (15.0)

17 (8.5)


≥ 75

11 (2.8)

6 (3.0)

5 (2.5)


Mean (SD)

64.06 (4.48)

63.93 (5.08)

64.2 (3.8)


Gender


Female

298 (74.5)

144 (72.0)

154 (77.0)

0.81


Male

102 (25.5)

56 (28.0)

46 (23.0)


Education

0.08


Illiterate

165 (41.2)

82 (41.0)

83 (41.5)


Primary

143 (35.8)

82 (41.0)

61 (30.5)


Junior Secondary

64 (17.0)

23 (11.5)

41 (20.5)


Senior Secondary & above

28 (7.0)

13 (6.5)

15 (7.5)


Marital status


Married

230 (55.0)

120 (60.0)

110 (55.0)

0.45


Never married/Divorced/widow

170 (45.0)

80 (40.0)

90 (45.0)


Income

0.03


Low (0-3assets)

306 (76.5)

165 (82.5)

141 (70.5)


Moderate (4-6 asset)

65 (16.2)

22 (11.0)

43 (21.5)


High (8 or more assets)

29 (7.3)

13 (6.5)

16 (8.0)


Employment status

0.45


Employed

54 (13.5)

31 (15.5)

23 (21.5)


Housewife

283 (70.8)

133 (66.5)

150 (70.0)


Retired

63 (15.7)

36 (18.0)

27 (13.5)


BMI

0.79


< 25

106 (26.5)

56 (28.0)

50 (25.0)


25-29

192 (48)

94 (47.0)

98 (49.0)


≥ 30

103 (25.5)

50 (25.0)

52 (26.0)


Salehi et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:123   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-123

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