Table 4

Average consumption of food groups* (g/day) by MDS classes.

DIET QUALITY

Low

(MDS≤3)

Medium

(MDS 4-5)

High

(MDS≥6)

P values


%

26

45

29

Cereals (g/day)

225 ± 53

248 ± 71

267 ± 76

0.02

Vegetables (g/day)

167 ± 113

225 ± 127

261 ± 97

0.0008

Legumes (g/day)

7 ± 19

18 ± 27

22 ± 23

0.02

Fruits (g/day)

162 ± 162

209 ± 188

389 ± 238

0.00000

Fish (g/day)

39 ± 40

61 ± 62

88 ± 96

0.005

Meat (g/day)

161 ± 112

119 ± 65

114 ± 90

0.02

Milk and dairy products (g/day)

305 ± 160

227 ± 128

195 ± 170

0.002

Alcohol (g/day)

9 ± 11

8 ± 12

5 ± 10

n.s.

MUFA/SFA ratio

1.8 ± 0.4

2 ± 0.5

2.3 ± 0.6

0.00003


*Food groups were adjusted to 2500 kcal for men and 2000 kcal for women

Statistic: Anova

Azzini et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:125   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-125

Open Data