Table 1

Characteristics of Cuban-Americans by diabetes status in a study of depression symptoms and diet quality

Cuban Americans


with type 2 diabetes

without type 2 diabetes

P Value

n = 183

n = 173


Age (years)

65.4 ± 11.8

62.9 ± 11.3

0.042

Gender (%)

0.029

Male

38.3

32.9

Female

61.7

67.1

BMI (Kg/m2)

31.6 ± 6.5

30.0 ± 5.0

0.012

Duration of diabetes (years)

9.3 ± 9.5

0

< 0.001

Total calories intake

2166.8 ± 795.9

2358.9 ± 770.2

0.021

Employment status (%)

0.006

Not Working

72.1

58.4

Working

27.9

41.6

Marital Status (%)

0.029

Not Married

50.8

39.3

Married

49.2

60.7

Education (%)

0.166

< High School

47.0

54.3

≥ High School

53.0

45.7

A1C %

7.6 ± 1.6

5.9 ± 0.4

< 0.001

Depression medication (%)

0.719

No

88.5

87.3

Yes

11.5

12.7

BDI Scores

10.6 ± 10.1

8.1 ± 6.8

0.008

HEI-05

57.8 ± 8.9

53.3 ± 7.8

< 0.001

HEI-05 median (%)

< 0.001

≤55.6

38.3

61.8

> 55.6

61.7

38.2


Data are % or mean ± standard deviation (SD).

BMI = Body mass index, A1C = glycated hemoglobin, HEI-05 = Healthy Eating Index-2005, BDI = Beck Depression Inventory.

Exebio et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:135   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-135

Open Data