Table 2

Characteristics of Cuban-Americans by gender in a study of depression symptoms and diet quality

Cuban Americans


Male

Female

P Value

n = 127

n = 229


Age (years)

63.6 ± 11.0

64.5 ± 12.0

0.524

Diabetes status yes (%)

55.1

49.3

0.296

With type 2 diabetes

55.1

49.3

Without type 2 diabetes

44.9

50.7

BMI (Kg/m2)

29.9 ± 5.1

31.4 ± 6.3

0.016

Duration of diabetes (years)

5.9 ± 9.7

4.2 ± 7.3

0.090

Total calories intake

2362.3 ± 803.4

2203.6 ± 775.8

0.069

Employment status (%)

0.794

Not Working

64.6

65.9

Working

35.4

34.1

Marital Status (%)

< 0.001

Not Married

29.1

54.1

Married

70.9

45.9

Education (%)

0.052

< High School

57.5

46.7

≥ High School

42.5

53.3

A1C %

6.9 ± 1.5

6.7 ± 1.4

0.261

Depression medications (%)

< 0.001

No

96.1

83.4

Yes

3.9

16.6

BDI Scores

8.2 ± 9.1

10.0 ± 8.5

0.068

HEI-05

54.1 ± 8.2

56.4 ± 8.9

0.018

HEI-05 median (%)

0.082

≤ 55.6

55.9

46.3

> 55.6

44.1

53.7


Data are % or mean ± standard deviation (SD).

BMI = Body mass index, A1C = glycated hemoglobin, HEI-05 = Healthy Eating Index-2005, BDI = Beck Depression Inventory.

Exebio et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:135   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-135

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