Table 2

Composition of enteral diets

Diet

Protein

(g/kg/d)

Protein/energy ratio

(g/100 kcal)

Fats

(g/kg/d)

Carbohy-drates (g/kg/d)

Energy

(kcal/kg/d)


Breastfed

(Group BM)

Breast milk

160 ml/kg/d

+

Enfamil®

4.5 g/kg/d

3.4

2.5

8.1

11.7

133:

10.2% protein

54.8% fat

35.2% carbohydrate


Group A

Alprem®

160 ml/kg/d

3.7

2.8

6.6

13.6

129:

11.5% protein

46.2% fat

42.3% carbohydrate


Group B

Alprem®

160 ml/kg/d

+

Promod®

0.66 g/kg/d

+

Duocal®

3.7 g/kg/d

4.2

2.8

7.5

16.3

149.5:

11.2% protein

45.2% fat

43.6% carbohydrate


Group C

Alprem®

160 ml/kg/d

+

Promod®

1.3 g/kg/d

+

Duocal®

3.3 g/kg/d

4.7

3.1

7.45

16.1

149.9:

12.5% protein

44.7% fat

42.8% carbohydrate


- Alprem (Nestlé): in 100 g = 506 kcal, protein 14.5 g, carbohydrate 53.6 g, fat 26.0 g.

- Enfamil Human Milk fortifier (Nutricia): 1 vial = 5 mL = 5 g = 7.5 kcal, protein 0.55 g, carbohydrate < 0.3 g, fat 0.55 g.

- ProMod protein powder (Abbott): in 10 g = 42.4 kcal, protein 7.6 g, carbohydrate 1.0 g, fat 0.9 g.

- Duocal MCT (Nutricia): in 10 g = 12.4 kcal, carbohydrate 1.8 g, fat 0.58 g.

Costa-Orvay et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:140   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-140

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