Table 5

Odds ratios of household factors associated with a dietary diversity score < 4, adjusted for ethnicity and gender

Logistic regression with question only, plus gender and ethnicity as confounders


Odds Ratio

95% Confidence Interval


Employment status


Employed full time

0.672

0.430 - 1.050


Employed part time

1.074

0.642 - 1.797


Casual work

2.769*

1.447 - 5.298


Unemployed, not looking for work/pensioner/housewife/student

1.019

0.653 - 1.591


Unemployed/housewife looking for work

1.431

0.913 - 2.244


Disabled or chronically ill

2.130*

1.034 - 4.390


Income


Receive salary/wages

0.584*

0.414 - 0.826


Remittances

1.003

0.611 - 1.646


Pensions and/or grants

1.357

0.944 - 1.950


No income

1.349

0.752 - 2.420


Where buy most of household foods


Local spaza

1.979*

1.150 - 3.406


Big supermarket close by

0.573*

0.349 - 0.939


Big supermarket far away

0.944

0.575 - 1.551


Housing


Formal: house or apartment

0.570

0.282 - 1.151


Traditional dwelling

2.394*

1.121 - 5.116


Townhouse

0.310*

0.140 - 0.688


Dwelling in backyard

0.706

0.324 - 1.537


Informal dwelling

1.380

0.663 - 2.870


Water


Water in home

0.356*

0.265 - 0.478


Water in yard

0.694*

0.505 - 0.954


Free communal tap

1.190

0.849 - 1.669


Free from neighbor

2.275*

1.063 - 4.870


Communal borehole

1.599

0.805 - 3.173


River, stream or spring

7.060*

3.096 - 16.101


Toilet


Flush toilet

0.467

0.155 - 1.406


Chemical toilet

4.226

0.987 - 18.099


Pit latrine/bucket

1.191

0.395 - 3.592


None

3.350*

1.062 - 10.562


Electricity


In-house meter

0.389*

0.208 - 0.727


In-house pre-paid meter

0.611

0.330 - 1.133


Connected t other sources

1.428

0.649 - 3.142


No access

2.310*

1.198 - 4.453


Other assets (individually assessed)


Refrigerator

0.274*

0.229 - 0.328


Microwave

0.279*

0.236 - 0.330


VCR

0.608*

0.495 - 0.747


TV

0.319*

0.264 - 0.385


Telephone

0.391*

0.317 - 0.483


Kitchen sink

0.263*

0.219 - 0.316


Home security

0.359*

0.278 - 0.465


Motor vehicle

0.326*

0.270 - 0.394


Mobile phone

0.473*

0.389 - 0.575


Radio

0.725*

0.622 - 0.845


Music centre

0.407*

0.347 - 0.478


DVD player

0.375*

0.320 - 0.440


Labadarios et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:33   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-33

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