Table 3

Natural killer cell counts and activity (NKCA) before and after two-months of cereal ingestion (mean ± SD)*

Variable

Pre-study

Post-study

Treatment interaction p-value


NK lymphocytes (109/L)

0.578

Low

0.39 ± 0.28

0.23 ± 0.13

Medium

0.49 ± 0.34

0.36 ± 0.20

High

0.35 ± 0.18

0.29 ± 0.14

NKCA 40:1 E:T (% lysis)

0.448

Low

44.7 ± 16.8

48.8 ± 16.2

Medium

47.6 ± 14.1

47.1 ± 16.8

High

48.4 ± 16.3

48.6 ± 16.3

NKCA 20:1 E:T (% lysis)

0.349

Low

33.2 ± 16.3

37.0 ± 16.8

Medium

33.6 ± 12.7

35.5 ± 12.7

High

38.1 ± 17.1

36.3 ± 13.2


* Low (N = 24), medium (N = 21), high (N = 18) level of nutrient fortification of the cereal product. Mean ±SD. E:T = effector-to-target ratio.

Nieman et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:36   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-36

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