Table 3

Nutrients, diet quality and physical activity data overall and by gender

Overall (n = 1019)

Male (n = 432)

Female (n = 587)

Mean1

s.e.

Mean1

s.e.

Mean1

s.e.

P-value2


Dietary intake


Energy

Energy intake (kJ)

13980

145

14401

214

13767

168

0.001

Energy intake (kcal)

3341

35

3442

51

3239

40

0.001

Energy intake (% of expenditures)

135.7

1.8

121.1

2.3

150.5

2.3

<0.0001

Macronutrients (g/1000 kcal)

Protein

31.3

0.2

31.2

0.2

31.3

0.2

0.55

Carbohydrates

130.5

0.6

130.4

0.8

130.7

0.7

0.69

Free sugar

26.8

0.4

27.2

0.5

26.4

0.5

0.30

Dietary fiber

10.8

0.1

10.7

0.1

10.8

0.1

0.49

Total fat

40.7

0.3

40.8

0.4

40.6

0.4

0.51

Saturated fat

9.5

0.1

9.5

0.1

9.4

0.1

0.52

Monounsaturated fat

15.5

0.2

15.6

0.3

15.3

0.3

0.43

Polyunsaturated fat

12.1

0.3

12.0

0.4

12.2

0.4

0.56

Micronutrients (/1000 kcal)

Vitamin C (mg)

47.4

1.0

46.4

1.1

48.5

1.1

0.042

Calcium (mg)

265.9

3.1

271.2

4.2

260.5

3.5

0.027

Iron (mg)

6.7

0.0

6.7

0.0

6.7

0.0

0.55

Zinc (mg)

3.5

0.0

3.5

0.0

3.0

0.0

0.69

Sodium (mg)

1648.9

9.9

1641.5

13.3

1656.5

10.2

0.24

Potassium (mg)

1049.1

11.9

1044.5

14.9

1053.8

12.7

0.52

Folates (μg)

179.5

1.8

180.1

2.3

179.0

1.9

0.64

Vitamin B12 (μg)

2.4

0.1

2.4

0.1

2.4

0.1

0.96

Diet Quality Index (DQI-I)

Total score (/100)

57.7

0.3

57.8

0.4

57.6

0.3

0.65

DQI-I ≥60

38.0%

2.1

39.7%

2.9

36.3%

2.5

0.37

Variety (/20)

13.8

0.2

14.1

0.3

13.4

0.2

0.022

Adequacy(/40)

33.7

0.1

34.0

0.2

33.4

0.1

0.0077

Moderation(/30)

9.0

0.2

8.5

0.3

9.4

0.3

0.018

Balance(/10)

1.3

0.1

1.2

0.1

1.3

0.1

0.55

Physical activity level


Low intensity daytime activities (<3 BMR) (%)

83.4

0.6

78.8

0.9

87.9

0.4

<0.0001

Medium intensity daytime activities (3-6 BMR) (%)

15.1

0.6

18.7

0.8

11.5

0.4

<0.0001

High intensity daytime activities (≥6 BMR) (%)

1.5

0.1

2.5

0.1

0.6

0.1

<0.0001

Mean intensity of total daytime activity (BMR multiple)

1.7

0.1

1.8

0.0

1.6

0.1

<0.0001


1- Except for DQI-I ≥60 (weighted proportion of subjects with DQI-I ≥60)

2- Comparison between sexes adjusted for age.

Aounallah-Skhiri et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:38   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-38

Open Data