Table 4

Association of dietary pattern scores with anthropometry and blood pressure data

Modern dietary pattern score

Meat-fish dietary pattern score


Mean (s.e.) or %

P-value1

Mean (s.e.) or %

P-value1


1st tertile

2nd tertile

3rd tertile

Model 1

Model 2

Model 3

1st tertile

2nd tertile

3rd tertile

Model 1

Model 2

Model 3


Male

n = 170

n = 133

n = 94

n = 127

n = 143

n = 127


Body Mass Index (kg/m2)

19.7(0.2)

21.7(0.3)

20.7(0.4)

<0.0001

<0.0001

<0.0001

20.1(0.3)

20.3(0.3)

21.6(0.4)

0.0035

0.092

0.059

Overweight (%)

6.7%

23.0%

20.4%

0.0026

0.0051

0.014

16.0%

11.0%

23.4%

0.063

0.23

0.31

Waist Circumference (cm)

71.0(0.6)

78.2(1.1)

77.1(0.8)

<0.0001

<0.0001

<0.0001

71.0(0.6)

78.2(1.1)

77.1(0.8)

<0.0001

<0.0001

<0.0001

Systolic blood pressure (mm hg)

113.9(0.9)

116.4(1.2)

112.7(1.2)

0.11

0.13

0.10

113.0(0.8)

113.9(1.1)

116.1(1.2)

0.098

0.40

0.43

Diastolic blood pressure (mm hg)

66.0(0.8)

69.1(0.7)

68.4(0.9)

0.022

0.044

0.073

66.7(0.8)

67.6(0.7)

69.1(0.7)

0.045

0.47

0.36

High blood pressure (%)

43.2%

53.0%

40.7%

0.15

0.28

0.23

44.3%

42.4%

50.5%

0.47

0.65

0.40

Hypertension (%)

3.1%

7.8%

2.9%

0.25

0.30

0.038

1.4%

4.8%

7.7%

0.11

0.16

0.15

Female

n = 263

n = 165

n = 108

n = 193

n = 167

n = 176


Body Mass Index (kg/m2)

21.9(0.2)

21.7(0.3)

22.1(0.4)

0.77

0.65

0.68

22.2(0.3)

21.4(0.3)

22.1(0.3)

0.078

0.056

0.084

Overweight (%)

16.6%

20.2%

21.8%

0.58

0.51

0.41

20.7%

18.0%

19.2%

0.83

0.81

0.96

Waist Circumference (cm)

71.2(0.6)

72.7(0.9)

73.2(0.8)

0.083

0.10

0.15

71.7(0.7)

71.6(0.7)

73.3(0.7)

0.13

0.18

0.21

Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)

113.3(0.7)

110.6(0.9)

108.9(1.0)

0.0028

0.0011

0.22

110.9(0.9)

111.8(0.8)

110.9(0.9)

0.64

0.50

0.57

Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)

66.1(0.7)

66.8(0.9)

66.2(0.8)

0.77

0.95

0.30

65.6(0.8)

66.5(0.7)

67.0(0.8)

0.43

0.92

0.87

High blood pressure (%)

39.3%

26.9%

21.4%

0.028

0.0085

0.31

32.2%

27.8%

30.0%

0.70

0.35

0.32

Hypertension (%)

7.0%

7.6%

0.0%

0.00412

2

2

6.3%

3.0%

6.2%

0.44

0.38

0.38


1- Null hypothesis of no difference between tertiles of dietary pattern: general linear model for interval response variables, logistic regression for binary variables (complete case analysis n = 933).

Model 1: unadjusted estimates (response variable as in column 1, regressor is categorical variable for dietary pattern in tertiles).

Model 2: for BMI, overweight and WC response variables: adjusted for age, total energy intake, physical activity level (% of low, medium and high intensity daytime activities); for blood pressure (systolic and diastolic), high blood pressure and hypertension response variables: adjusted also for anthropometry (BMI and WC).

Model 3: as in model 2 but in addition adjusted also for socio-economic variables: economic level of household, profession of father, education of father, mother working outside the home, education of mother, whether or not subject is attending school at time of survey.

2- For females, P-value for unadjusted association is from chi-square test (also taking into account sampling design), as no estimates could be obtained for logistic regression models due to observed null prevalence in third tertile (and thus no raw and/or adjusted p-values).

Aounallah-Skhiri et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:38   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-38

Open Data