Table 3

Blood total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), ratio of LDL-C/HDL-C, triglycerides (TG) and plasma insulin concentrations of pigs at week 12 of feeding lard, natural palm oil (NPO), chemically modified palm oil (CPO) and enzymatically modified palm oil (EnPO) diets*

Lard

NPO

CPO

EnPO

Female

Male

SEM Diet

SEM Sex


Cholesterol (mmol/L)

3.38

3.37

3.57

3.56

3.90

3.04

0.77

0.74

LDL-C (mmol/L)

1.87

1.69

2.00

2.04

2.25

1.55

0.64

0.50

HDL-C (mmol/L)

1.51

1.68

1.57

1.52

1.59

1.55

0.19

0.22

LDL-C:HDL-C ratio

1.21

1.17

1.38

1.44

1.58

1.03

0.29

0.44

Triglycerides (mmol/L)

0.49b

0.30a

0.39ab

0.64b

0.41

0.50

0.11

0.14

Insulin (μU/ml)

3.40

3.09

4.15

4.57

3.28

4.33

1.18

0.91


Initial concentrations were used as covariates for the analysis.

*Means are average of 10 observations for treatments and 20 observations for sexes. Data presented as mean ± SEM.

a,b,cMeans with different superscripts between dietary treatments differ significantly at P < 0.05.

Ponnampalam et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:53   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-53

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