Table 1

Plasma antioxidants, FRAP and MDA measured before and after kiwifruit intervention (n = 24)

Fruits

Before

After

Diff

Change

p

Mean SEM

Mean SEM

Mean SEM

(%)

(μmol/L)

(μmol/L)

(μmol/L)


Total ascorbic acid

1

57.11

15.6

59.58

10.9

2.5

19.0

4

0.53

2

52.83

13.3

60.27

14.3

7.4

19.5

14

0.07

Ascorbic acid, reduced

1

52.79

14.7

55.66

11.2

2.9

18.5

5

0.45

2

47.97

13

55.43

13.1

7.5

18.5

16

0.05

Lutein, μmol/L

1

0.22

0.1

0.22

0.1

0.0

0.1

0

0.95

2

0.22

0.1

0.23

0.1

0.0

0.1

5

0.70

β-Cryptoxanthin, μmol/L

1

0.32

0.3

0.31

0.3

0.0

0.4

-3

0.92

2

0.31

0.3

0.31

0.3

0.0

0.4

0

0.99

α-Carotene, μmol/L

1

0.14

0.1

0.14

0.1

0.0

0.1

0

0.91

2

0.14

0.1

0.14

0.1

0.0

0.1

0

0.98

β-Carotene, μmol/L

1

0.55

0.3

0.56

0.4

0.0

0.5

2

0.89

2

0.55

0.3

0.56

0.3

0.0

0.4

2

0.97

Zeaxanthin, μmol/L

1

0.05

0

0.04

0

0.0

0.0

-20

0.91

2

0.04

0

0.04

0

0.0

0.0

0

0.87

Lycopene, μmol/L

1

0.57

0.1

0.57

0.1

0.0

0.1

0

0.99

2

0.57

0.2

0.56

0.1

0.0

0.2

-2

0.97

FRAP1, μmol/L

1

1203.17

208

1201.13

228.5

-2.0

309.0

0

0.97

2

1189.38

243.9

1260.46

164.4

71.1

294.1

6

0.24

MDA2, μmol/L

1

0.88

0.4

0.88

0.3

0.0

0.5

0

0.97

2

0.89

0.5

0.88

0.5

0.0

0.7

-1

0.53


SEM: standard error of the mean. 1Ferric reducing activity of plasma. 2Malondialdehyde.

Brevik et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:54   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-54

Open Data