Table 2

Distribution of Mean Energy, Macronutrient Densities, P: S Ratio, Mean sugar and Dietary fiber by levels of Total Fat dense diets in Bahraini Girls (n = 240) and Boys (n = 256)

Total Fat Dense Diets (%kcal)


Nutrient variables

< 30%

30-37%

≥ 38%

Total

1

P-value


Mean

Mean

Mean

Mean


n = 42

n = 166

n = 32

n = 240


Girls


Energy (Kcal)

1645.605

1794.366

1932.672

1786.774

0.032 a


%Kcals from Proteins.

15.068

15.15

15.788

15.221

0.589


%Kcals from Carbohydrates

58.502

51.978

44.348

52.102

0.000 b


%Kcals from Fats

27.594

33.815

40.428

33.608

0.000b


%kcals from Sat

8.764

10.975

12.583

10.802

0.000b


%kcals from Monosaturated fat

7.464

9.301

11.374

9.256

0.000b


%kcals from Polyunsaturated fat

4.878

6.183

7.996

6.196

0.000b


Cholesterol (mg)

195.155

245.783

307.002

245.085

0.001b


Cholesterol, mg/1000 kcal

116.94

136.705

160.123

136.369

0.010 a


Sugar, Total (gm)

99.969

89.42

73.222

89.106

0.003b


Sucrose (gm)

19.578

17.079

16.265

17.408

0.502


Dietary Fiber, total (gm)

14.558

12.246

10.284

12.389

0.009b


P:S Ratio3

0.586

0.587

0.659

0.596

0.121


Boys


Energy (Kcal)

2008.984

2127.582

2146.195

2097.07

0.426


%Kcals from Proteins.

15.417

15.632

15.87

15.592

0.722


%Kcals from Carbohydrates

58.007

51.714

44.609

52.855

0.000b


%Kcals from Fats

27.537

33.432

40.236

32.375

0.000b


%kcals from Sat

8.638

10.08

13.358

9.947

0.000b


%kcals from Monosaturated fat

7.933

9.528

11.661

9.265

0.000b


%kcals from Polyunsaturated fat

4.939

5.993

6.301

5.733

0.000b


Cholesterol (mg)

271.479

287.863

336.387

287.238

0.156


Cholesterol, mg/1000 kcal

136.601

135.939

159.025

137.921

0.194


Sugar, Total (gm)

107.408

101.689

76.853

101.29

0.004b


Sucrose (gm)

24.52

23.028

21.096

23.279

0.541


Dietary Fiber, total (gm)

15.229

12.762

14.258

13.544

0.005b


P:S Ratio2

0.615

0.622

0.498

0.611

0.039 a


1 Significantly different across categories of total fat dense diets categories a p < 0.05; b p < 0.01 (Kruskal-Wallis test)

2 Polyunsaturated-Saturated Ratio

Gharib and Rasheed Nutrition Journal 2011 10:62   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-62

Open Data