Table 2

Food, energy and nutrient intake of infants who became overweight or not at 8 years

Not overweight

Overweight

Difference:

overweight vs not overweight

n = 100

n = 20

Mean

sd

Mean

sd

Mean

95% CI

P


Formula, g

487

325

318

325

-169

-327

-12

0.04

Mothers milk1, g

85

195

122

243

37

-62

135

0.46

Drinks2, g

73

92

162

165

89

11

169

0.03

Milk and milk products2, g

117

213

181

246

64

-42

170

0.23

Meat, meat products and fowl2, g

10.9

16.2

14.5

20.8

3.6

-4.6

11.9

0.39

Energy, kcal

836

202

859

175

23

-73

119

0.64

Energy, kcal/kg

99

18

96

17

-3

-12

5

0.38

Protein, g

26.4

12.4

29.9

12.5

3.5

-2.5

9.5

0.25

Protein, g/kg

3.0

1.1

3.2

1.0

0.2

-0.3

0.7

0.46

Protein, animal3, g

19.3

8.7

21.7

9.0

2.4

-1.8

6.6

0.26

Protein, animal, en%

9.0

2.8

9.9

3.0

0.9

-0.4

2.3

0.19

Protein, from formula only, g

8.4

5.5

5.6

5.6

-2.8

-5.5

-0.1

0.04

Protein, from formula only, en%

4.2

3.0

2.8

3.0

-1.4

-2.9

0.1

0.06

Protein, animal, complementary foods, g

11.0

11.7

15.8

12.8

4.8

-0.9

10.6

0.10

Protein, animal, complementary foods4, en%

4.6

4.7

6.9

5.2

2.3

0.0

4.6

0.05

Fat, g

30.4

6.5

30.6

8.6

0.2

-3.2

3.5

0.93

Fat, en%

33.8

7.4

32.6

8.4

-1.2

-4.9

2.4

0.50

Carbohydrate, g

114

33

116

27

2

-14

17

0.82

Carbohydrate, en%

54.1

5.2

53.8

6.5

-0.3

-2.9

2.4

0.86

Sugar, g

74.0

18.2

77.4

18.5

3.4

-5.4

12.2

0.45

Sugar, en%

36.1

7.8

36.3

7.0

0.2

-3.5

3.9

0.91

Beverage sugar5, g

10.6

13.9

19.7

20.2

9.1

-0.7

18.9

0.07

Beverage sugar, en%

4.5

5.6

8.8

8.5

4.3

0.2

8.4

0.04


1 Mothers milk in gram is assessed by frequency and duration of breastfeeding, not weighing.

2 These food groups are predefined by the Dutch Food Composition Table.

3 Protein not from animal sources is predefined by the Dutch Food Composition Table, protein from animal sources is derived by difference between protein and protein not from animal sources.

4 Complementary foods with protein from animal sources are a sum of 6 predefined food groups from the Dutch Food Composition Table: milk and milk products, cheese, eggs, meat/meat products and fowl, fish, and precomposed foods (like meals in a jar; this last group may also contain some protein not from animal sources).

5 For Drinks, Beverage sugar in gram and Beverage sugar in en% were equal variances not assumed, resulting in a non significant differene for Beverage sugar in gram.

Weijs et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:95   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-95

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