Table 5

Physiological measures among consumers and non-consumers of orange juice
Consumers Non-consumers
Variable n LSM ± SE n LSM ± SE p-Value
Body Weight* (kg) 2130 81.3 ± 0.20 6150 81.4 ± 0.12 0.5072
BMI* (kg/m2) 2130 27.6 ± 0.18 6150 28.5 ± 0.11 <0.0001
Waist Circumference* (cm) 2069 97.1 ± 0.17 6005 97.3 ± 0.10 0.4381
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg)** 1801 124.0 ± 0.53 5296 123.8 ± 0.30 0.7604
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg)** 1801 70.8 ± 0.42 5296 71.3 ± 0.23 0.2976
Serum Vitamin C (mg/dL)** 2022 1.1 ± 0.01 5813 0.91 ± 0.01 <0.0001
C-Reactive Protein** (mg/dL) 2041 0.43 ± 0.03 5874 0.41 ± 0.01 0.5922
Total Cholesterol** (mg/dL) 2034 197.6 ± 1.2 5857 200.8 ± 0.75 0.0220
HDL-Cholesterol** (mg/dL) 2033 53.7 ± 0.45 5857 53.8 ± 0.24 0.8230
Triglycerides** (mg/dL) 954 141.6 ± 3.6 2833 147.4 ± 3.3 0.2246
LDL-Cholesterol** (mg/dL) 939 112.5 ± 1.4 2746 116.7 ± 0.93 0.0110
Plasma Glucose** (mg/dL) 960 103.0 ± 1.4 2856 102.4 ± 0.62 0.6853
Insulin** (uU/mL) 951 11.6 ± 0.38 2823 11.3 ± 0.25 0.4441
RBC Folate** (ng/mL RBC) 2044 309.3 ± 3.6 5872 285.3 ± 2.0 <0.0001
Serum Folate** (ng/mL) 2037 14.8 ± 0.24 5849 13.7 ± 0.25 0.0013
Homocysteine** (umol/L) 1988 8.7 ± 0.08 5729 8.9 ± 0.06 0.0853

*Adjusted for energy (kcal), age, gender, ethnicity, poverty income ratio, and physical activity.

**Adjusted for energy (kcal), age, gender, ethnicity, poverty income ratio, BMI, and physical activity.

Abbreviations: LSM = least square mean; SE = standard error; BMI = body mass index; HDL-C = high density lipoprotein-cholesterol; LDL-C = low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol; RBC = red blood cell.

O’Neil et al.

O’Neil et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:107   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-107

Open Data