Table 6

Risk of metabolic syndrome, increased risk of individual metabolic syndrome components and other health factors among adult (19+ yrs) consumers and non-consumers of orange juice
Risk OR ± SE LCL, UCL p-Value OR ± SE LCL, UCL p-Value OR ± SE LCL, UCL p-Value
All Female Male
MetS 0.93 ± 0.13 0.71, 1.22 0.5790 1.41 ± 0.28 0.96, 2.07 0.0795 0.64 ± 0.12 0.45,0.91 0.0119
Elevated BP 0.98 ± 0.07 0.85, 1.13 0.7586 0.98 ± 0.15 0.73, 1.31 0.8948 0.95 ± 0.12 0.75, 1.22 0.7078
High Glucose 0.96 ± 0.10 0.78, 1.18 0.6772 1.08 ± 0.17 0.79, 1.47 0.6180 0.82 ± 0.11 0.64, 1.06 0.1361
High TG 1.11 ± 0.13 0.89, 1.39 0.3575 1.41 ± 0.25 1.00, 1.99 0.0503 0.91 ± 0.11 0.72, 1.15 0.4474
Elevated WC 0.98 ± 0.15 0.73, 1.33 0.9067 1.09 ± 0.24 0.72, 1.66 0.6890 0.83 ± 0.15 0.59, 1.18 0.3052
Low HDL-C 0.92 ± 0.08 0.78, 1.09 0.3518 1.08 ± 0.11 0.89 1.31 0.4271 0.77 ± 0.10 0.61, 0.99 0.0406
Obese 0.79 ± 0.08 0.65, 0.95 0.0116 0.76 ± 0.10 0.59, 0.97 0.0289 0.79 ± 0.09 0.64, 0.97 0.0276
Overweight 1.13 ± 0.07 0.99, 1.28 0.0699 1.18 ± 0.10 0.99, 1.39 0.0581 1.07 ± 0.09 0.91, 1.26 0.3976
Overweight or Obese 0.89 ± 0.07 0.76, 1.04 0.1437 0.88 ± 0.09 0.73, 1.08 0.2216 0.85 ± 0.09 0.69, 1.06 0.1461
High LDL-C 0.82 ± 0.10 0.66, 1.03 0.0908 0.76 ± 0.12 0.57, 1.03 0.0783 0.85 ± 0.14 0.63, 1.16 0.3163

* Reference group: Non-consumers of orange juice with odds ratio set at 1.0.

All Metabolic Syndrome Components: Elevated Waist Circumference ≥102 cm in men or ≥88 cm in women; Elevated Triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL or taking medication for Elevated Triglycerides (Antihyperlipidemic Agents or Nicotinic Acid Derivatives); Reduced HDL-C <40 mg/dL in men or <50 mg/dL in women or taking medication for Reduced HDL-C (Antihyperlipidemic Agents or Nicotinic Acid Derivatives); Elevated BP ≥130 mmHg Systolic or ≥85 mmHg Diastolic or taking medication for Elevated BP (Antihypertensive Combinations); Elevated Fasting Glucose ≥100 mg/dL or taking medication for Elevated Glucose (Antidiabetic Agents); Metabolic Syndrome (≥3 risk factors above). Other risk factors: Elevated LDL-C ≥100 mg/dL; Overweight BMI ≥25 and <30; Obese BMI ≥30; Overweight or Obese BMI ≥25.

Abbreviations: OR = odds Ratio; LCL = lower confidence level; UCL = upper confidence level; SE = standard error; MetS = metabolic syndrome; BP = blood pressure; TG = triglycerides; WC = waist circumference; HDL-C = high density lipoprotein-cholesterol; LDL-C = low density lipoprotein-cholesterol.

O’Neil et al.

O’Neil et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:107   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-107

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