Table 5

Serum micronutrient levels and deficiencies in obese subjects before and after low-calorie diet (n = 14)
Before formula diet After formula diet
Mean ± SD Deficiency [%] Mean ± SD Deficiency [%] pa
Vitamin A [mg/l] 0.67 ± 0.19 0 0.78 ± 0.22 0 n.s.
Vitamin E [mg/l] 11.57 ± 4.31 0 12.54 ± 2.66 0 n.s.
25(OH)D [ng/ml] 17.22 ± 4.02 57.1 24.32 ± 7.25 30.8 <.01
Vitamin C [mg/l] 52.01 ± 10.65 10.0 43.86 ± 15.96 25.0 n.s.
Vitamin B12 [pg/ml] 474.1 ± 155.3 0 528.3 ± 165.3 0 n.s.
Folate [ng/ml] 10.51 ± 4.7 0 15.42 ± 4.9 0 <.05
Selenium [μg/l] 87.71 ± 11.74 14.3 95.42 ± 18.67 16.7 <.05
Iron [μg/dl] 81.50 ± 35.05 14.3 61.62 ± 26.17) 15.4 <.05
Zinc [μg/dl] 82.14 ± 10.64 0 94.85 ± 13.80 7.7 <.01
Calcium [mmol/l] 2.44 ± 0.10 0 2.18 ± 0.28 53.8 <.01

a p-values were calculated in relation to absolute values using paired t-tests.

Damms-Machado et al.

Damms-Machado et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:34   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-34

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