Table 3

Weight, length, and head circumference growth rates from 14 days to 30, 60, 90, and 120 days of age
Gender Day Group (n) Growth rate*
Weight† (g/day) Length (cm/day) Head circumference (cm/day)
male 30 Control (74) 48.9 ± 1.5 0.15 ± 0.009 0.10 ± 0.005
PDX/GOS (68) 45.2 ± 1.5‡ 0.15 ± 0.009 0.10 ± 0.005
GOS (68) 46.7 ± 1.6 0.13 ± 0.009 0.10 ± 0.005
60 Control (66) 41.3 ± 1.1 0.13 ± 0.004 0.08 ± 0.002
PDX/GOS (59) 41.4 ± 1.2 0.13 ± 0.004 0.07 ± 0.002
GOS (60) 41.9 ± 1.2 0.13 ± 0.004 0.07 ± 0.002
90 Control (62) 36.1 ± 1.0 0.12 ± 0.003 0.07 ± 0.002
PDX/GOS (55) 37.4 ± 1.0 0.12 ± 0.003 0.06 ± 0.002
GOS (52) 36.8 ± 1.1 0.12 ± 0.003 0.06 ± 0.002
120 Control (63) 32.6 ± 0.8 0.11 ± 0.002 0.06 ± 0.001
PDX/GOS (54) 34.0 ± 0.9 0.11 ± 0.002 0.06 ± 0.001
GOS (50) 33.3 ± 0.9 0.11 ± 0.002 0.06 ± 0.001
female 30 Control (52) 38.4 ± 1.5 0.15 ± 0.012 0.09 ± 0.006
PDX/GOS (50) 34.9 ± 1.6 0.12 ± 0.012 0.08 ± 0.007
GOS (49) 34.6 ± 1.6‡ 0.11 ± 0.012 0.09 ± 0.007
60 Control (43) 32.4 ± 1.2 0.12 ± 0.005 0.07 ± 0.003
PDX/GOS (44) 32.1 ± 1.2 0.12 ± 0.005 0.06 ± 0.003
GOS (42) 32.2 ± 1.3 0.12 ± 0.006 0.07 ± 0.003
90 Control (40) 29.0 ± 1.0 0.11 ± 0.003 0.06 ± 0.002
PDX/GOS (43) 29.7 ± 0.9 0.11 ± 0.003 0.05 ± 0.002
GOS (38) 29.3 ± 1.0 0.11 ± 0.003 0.06 ± 0.002
120 Control (38) 27.6 ± 0.9 0.10 ± 0.003 0.05 ± 0.002
PDX/GOS (44) 27.9 ± 0.8 0.10 ± 0.002 0.05 ± 0.001
GOS (39) 27.3 ± 0.9 0.10 ± 0.003 0.05 ± 0.002

* Mean ± standard error (SE).

† Adjusted for body weight at enrollment.

‡ Significantly lower than Control, P < 0.05, one-tailed test.

Ashley et al.

Ashley et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:38   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-38

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