Table 1

Comparison of estimated urinary excretion of ions associated with the acid–base balance
alkaline diet (n=30) acidic diet (n=27) p
urine volume (L/d) 1.37 ± 0.35 1.37 ± 0.65 NS
pH 6.51 ± 0.34 5.92 ± 0.28 <0.01
ammonium (mmol/d) 24.11 ± 12.78 52.13 ± 13.27 <0.01
phosphate (mmol/d) 24.64 ± 10.37 35.76 ± 14.69 <0.01
sulfate (mmol/d) 9.94 ± 3.25 21.51 ± 6.21 <0.01
titratable acid (mEq/d) 8.7 ± 3.6 25.6 ± 4.1 <0.01
urinary bicarbonate (mEq/d) 4.7 ± 2.3 0.8 ± 0.4 <0.01
uric acid (mg/d) 413.4 ± 81.7 302.8 ± 134.7 <0.01

Kanbara et al.

Kanbara et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:39   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-39

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