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Associations among 25-year trends in diet, cholesterol and BMI from 140,000 observations in men and women in Northern Sweden

Ingegerd Johansson1*, Lena Maria Nilsson2, Birgitta Stegmayr3, Kurt Boman24, Göran Hallmans2 and Anna Winkvist5

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Odontology, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden

2 Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine section of nutrition, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

3 The National Board of Welfare, Stockholm, Sweden

4 Department of Medicine, Skellefteå County Hospital, Skellefteå, Sweden

5 Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden

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Nutrition Journal 2012, 11:40  doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-40

Published: 11 June 2012

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Figure S1. Mean intake of fat expressed as energy from fat in per cent of total energy intake in age groups by study year. Means, adjusted for BMI for each 10-year age group for men and women for the period 1986 to 2010. Information was not available for 1987 to 1989 since the VIP FFQ was not fully harmonized until 1991, and the reduced FFQ version used in MONICA year 1990 was not acceptable for nutrient estimation. Black dots (●) show years with a trend shift as indicated by the Joint Point software. Unfilled circles indicate 30-year olds with low number in the age group, i.e. <310 subjects.

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Additional file 2:

Figure S2. Use of the butter-raps seed oil blend for spreading on bread in age groups by study year. Reported weekly mean intakes, adjusted for BMI for each 10-year age group for men and women for the period 1986 to 2010. Information was not available for 1987 to 1989 since the VIP FFQ was not fully harmonized until 1991. Black dots (●) show years with a trend shift as indicated by the Joint Point software. Unfilled circles indicate 30-year olds with low number in the age group, i.e. <310 subjects.

Format: TIFF Size: 287KB Download file

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Additional file 3:

Figure S3. Use of butter for cooking in age groups by study year. Reported weekly mean intakes, adjusted for BMI for each 10-year age group for men and women for the period 1986 to 2010. Information was not available for 1987 to 1989 since the VIP FFQ was not fully harmonized until 1991. Black dots (●) show years with a trend shift as indicated by the Joint Point software. Unfilled circles indicate 30-year olds with low number in the age group, i.e. <310 subjects.

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Additional file 4:

Figure S4. Mean BMI in 10-year age groups by study year.

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Additional file 5:

Figure S5. Mean serum cholesterol in 10-year age groups by study year. Unfilled circles indicate 30-year olds with low number in the age group, i.e. <310 subjects.

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Additional file 6:

Table S1. Foods and energy-providing nutrients significantly associated with having high cholesterol levels. PLS loadings (w*c[1]) for variables in the x-block (see statistics section) where 95% CIs for mean loading plot correlations do not include 0 (zero) in PLS models with cholesterol as a continuous variable. Foods that were significantly associated in at least two age groups per gender are shown.

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