Table 4

Macronutrients intake at baseline and during the study1
PMR + I PMR INU CON
N 21 26 27 28
Energy, kJ
Baseline 8,431.5 ± 2,631.0 7,865.9 ± 3,060.4 7,327.5 ± 2,233.1 7,574.6 ± 2,041.8
Final 4,624.0 ± 1,454.9 4,688.4 ± 1,487.1 5,198.8 ± 1,986.1 4,607.7 ± 1,221.6
Adjusted change2 −3,807.5 ± 2,468.7 −3,177.5 ± 3,180.0 −2,128.8 ± 2,987.5 −2,966.9 ± 2,248.4
Carbohydrates, g
Baseline 242.1 ± 75.6 247.4 ± 99.6 241.9 ± 75.4 216.0 ± 82.9
Final 144.9 ± 62.73 143.9 ± 52.93 138.9 ± 34.83 161.6 ± 75.43
Adjusted change2 −92.3 ± 57.3 −94.1 ± 57.4 −98.3 ± 57.3 −71.5 ± 57.7
Protein, g
Baseline 80.2 ± 32.6 69.6 ± 28.3 65.4 ± 24.2 71.5 ± 16.9
Final 64.0 ± 14.23 59.0 ± 11.3 64.9 ± 17.8 58.1 ± 19.53
Adjusted change2 −7.9 ± 16.4 −12.1 ± 16.2 −5.9 ± 16.3 −13.1 ± 16.2
Total fat, g
Baseline 85.0 ± 39.8 72.6 ± 36.2 67.7 ± 24.8 67.8 ± 25.6
Final 27.9 ± 12.13 31.4 ± 25.53 34.1 ± 19.13 42.3 ± 19.53
Adjusted change2 −45.6 ± 20.2 a −41.1 ± 19.9 a −38.0 ± 19.9 −29.8 ± 19.9 b
Cholesterol, mg
Baseline 264.4 ± 157.7 227.2 ± 116.4 200.3 ± 110.3 238.8 ± 101.5
Final 124.8 ± 112.43 92.1 ± 38.33 130.1 ± 66.13 198.6 ± 172.3
Adjusted change2 −112.0 ± 110.3 a −138.2 ± 109.4 a −95.4 ± 110.3 b −33.7 ± 109.4 b
Total fiber, g
Baseline 13.9 ± 5.1 14.9 ± 9.5 13.6 ± 10.4 14.6 ± 7.1
Final 17.5 ± 6.13 9.1 ± 4.03 20.83 ± 6.33 13.4 ± 5.1
Adjusted change2 3.5 ± 7.3 a −4.9 ± 7.4b 6.97 ± 7.5a −0.75 ± 7.5 b

1 Values are means ± Standard error.

2 Estimated mean adjusted for baseline value.

3 Change is different within treatment in pared T-Test, p < 0.05.

a, b Different letters represent significant differences between treatments p < 0.05.

PMR = Partial meal replacement, INU = Inulin, CON = Control group.

Tovar et al.

Tovar et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:44   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-44

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