Table 5

Percent of adequacy of recommended intake of nutrients in each treatment group at baseline and with intervention 1
Nutrient PMR + I PMR INU CON
Carbohydrates, % Baseline 84.2 ± 11.8 88.9 ± 12.1 90.4 ± 9.3 85.4 ± 12.5
Intervention 91.6 ± 7.8 2 90.4 ± 16.5 87.2 ± 9.9 90.0 ± 12.3
Protein, % Baseline 106.4 ± 21.3 a 100.2 ± 17.3 98.0 ± 12.5 113.9 ± 24.8 b
Intervention 163.9 ± 37.8 2,a 151.1 ± 33.3 2, a 158.2 ± 29.4 2a 128.4 ± 23.6 2 b
Fat, % Baseline 95.4 ± 13.8 93.5 ± 14.6 92.1 ± 16.5 89.5 ± 15.6
Intervention 74.3 ± 14.7 2 73.2 ± 27.6 2 80.5 ± 15.3 2 82.4 ± 14.2
Calcium, % Baseline 98.8 ± 26.9 92.1 ± 40.4 92.7 ± 40.3 92.7 ± 29.5
Intervention 119.0 ± 20.3 2,a 118.9 ± 37.7 2 a 107.2 ± 35.8 a 83.3 ± 31.3 b
Iron, % Baseline 68.4 ± 21.7 62.0 ± 34.8 60.3 ± 27.5 54.8 ± 17.9
Intervention 71.8 ± 14.1 a 69.8 ± 14.6 a 40.7 ± 14.9 2 b 47.1 ± 16.4 b
Magnessium, % Baseline 74.9 ± 37.9 80.6 ± 42.1 75.2 ± 44.2 81.1 ± 38.7
Intervention 107.4 ± 26.7 2a 107.2 ± 32.0 2 a 62.2 ± 22.3 b 68.7 ± 30.0 b
Sodium, % Baseline 99.6 ± 42.0 86.0 ± 48.2 90.0 ± 44.0 88.8 ± 43.7
Intervention 68.7 ± 48.6 2 63.9 ± 29.4 2 a 69.8 ± 31.9 2 85.3 ± 42.6 b
Potassium, % Baseline 47.1 ± 14.8 50.0 ± 21.3 48.4 ± 21.9 52.5 ± 10.2
Intervention 49.0 ± 13.2 46.9 ± 12.1 54.2 ± 16.3 48.1 ± 14.1
Zinc, % Baseline 47.3 ± 22.1 68.6 ± 96.8 48.4 ± 21.1 54.3 ± 21.1
Intervention 94.0 ± 25.1 2 a 92.6 ± 18.8 a 43.7 ± 19.8 b 38.5 ± 11.7 2 b
Vitamin A, % Baseline 228.7 ± 270.5 144.5 ± 91.5 175.9 ± 311.2 138.0 ± 89.0
Intervention 195.5 ± 83.9 198.9 ± 80.1 2 160.0 ± 73.4 272.3 ± 490.2
Vitamin C, % Baseline 126.5 ± 72.3 143.8 ± 144.6 102.8 ± 64.6 140.0 ± 108.7
Intervention 214.7 ± 78.5 2a 197.7 ± 65.3 a,b 113.6 ± 61.3 c 158.7 ± 125.3 b
Vitamin B1, % Baseline 129.3 ± 53.3 123.7 ± 58.7 109.4 ± 44.3 104.3 ± 26.5
Intervention 158.6 ± 27.5 a 154.7 ± 37.0 2 a 88.5 ± 31.3 b 98.7 ± 38.3 b
Vitamin B2, % Baseline 166.8 ± 72.0 a 136.7 ± 63.3 117.8 ± 40.5 b 135.9 ± 29.8 b
Intervention 195.7 ± 35.7 a 188.5 ± 39.6 2 a 134.9 ± 49.1 b 138.3 ± 81.5 b
Niacin, % Baseline 125.0 ± 54.0 115.9 ± 47.5 104.9 ± 46.6 109.6 ± 39.4
Intervention 157.9 ± 37.7 a 164.9 ± 38.7 2 a 113.5 ± 33.9 b 102.1 ± 43.1 b
Vitamin B6, % Baseline 98.7 ± 47.7 104.3 ± 55.1 86.3 ± 33.8 101.8 ± 35.0
Intervention 163.5 ± 32.8 2a 159.1 ± 34.6 2 a 96.2 ± 34.7 b 95.8 ± 39.6 b
Folic Acid, % Baseline 37.7 ± 13.8 38.3 ± 31.5 34.9 ± 23.0 32.5 ± 15.5
Intervention 112.0 ± 28.5 2 a 109.2 ± 27.4 2 a 35.9 ± 17.7 b 40.4 ± 17.9 b
Vitamin B12, % Baseline 290.2 ± 445.1 a 206.0 ± 281.8 120.3 ± 139.9 b 170.4 ± 274.5
Intervention 228.5 ± 98.1 195.3 ± 52.1 153.5 ± 175.1 258.3 ± 723.1

1 Values are means ± Standard deviation.

2 Change from baseline to intervention is significant within treatment in pared T-Test, p < 0.05.

a, b Different letters represent significant differences between treatments p < 0.05.

PMR = Partial meal replacement, INU = Inulin, CON = Control group.

Tovar et al.

Tovar et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:44   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-44

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