Table 2

Mean (SD) scores of the DHD-index components in 749 Dutch men and women aged 19–30 years
Total (n = 749) Men (n = 352) Women (n = 397) P-value between sex*
DHD-index 59.2 (11.2) 57.8 (10.8) 60.4 (11.5) 0.002
1. Physical activity 9.4 (1.9) 9.1 (2.3) 9.7 (1.4) 0.001
2. Vegetable 4.8 (2.9) 5.2 (2.9) 4.4 (2.8) <0.001
3. Fruit 4.6 (3.7) 4.4 (3.7) 4.8 (3.6) 0.130
4. Fiber 6.1 (2.3) 5.9 (2.3) 6.3 (2.3) 0.022
5. Fish 1.1 (2.4) 1.1 (2.4) 1.1 (2.3) 0.798
6. SFA 5.2 (3.5) 5.5 (3.4) 4.9 (3.5) 0.011
7. TFA 7.0 (3.9) 7.5 (3.6) 6.5 (4.0) 0.005
8. ADF 9.7 (1.8) 9.6 (2.0) 9.7 (1.6) 0.267
9. Sodium 2.4 (3.8) 1.1 (2.6) 3.6 (4.2) <0.001
10. Alcohol 8.9 (2.8) 8.4 (3.3) 9.3 (2.1) <0.001

*independent t-test comparing men and women.

SFA = saturated fat, TFA = trans fatty acids, ADF = acidic drinks and foods.

van Lee et al.

van Lee et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:49   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-49

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