Table 1

Socio-demographic and Economic characteristics of the study participants, JUSH, Southwest Ethiopia, 2009
Variables Food insecurity status Total frequency P-value
Food secure Food in-secure
Sex
 Male 58 (40.3) 86 (59.7) 144 (45.1) 0.270
 Female 60 (34.3) 115 (65.7) 175 (54.9)
Age
 18-24 6 (40.0) 9 (60.0) 15 (4.7) 0.261
 25-34 56 (32.7) 115 (67.3) 148 (46.4)
 35-44 36 (39.1) 56 (60.9) 115 (36.1)
 ≥45 20 (48.8) 21 (51.2) 41 (12.9)
Permanent address
 Jimma 82(30.3) 189 (69.7) 271 (85.0) <0.001
 Out of Jimma 36(75.0) 12 (25.0) 48 (15.0)
Marital Status
 Married 60 (38.7) 95 (61.3) 155 (48.6) 0.096
 Single 31 (46.3) 36 (53.7) 67 (21.0)
 Windowed 13 (30.2) 30 (69.8) 43 (13.5)
 Divorced /Separated 14 (25.9) 40 (74.1) 54 (16.9)
Religion
 Orthodox Christians 63 (38.9) 99 ( 61.1) 162 (50.8) 0.360
 Muslim 29 (37.2) 49 (62.8) 78 (24.5)
 Protestant 20 (29.4) 48 (70.6) 68 (21.3)
 Others* 6 (54.5) 5 (45.5) 11 (3.4)
Ethnicity (N = 319)
 Oromo 61 ( 43.0) 81 (47) 142 (44.5) 0.062
 Amhara 25 (29.8) 59 (70.2) 84 (26.3)
 Dawro 11 (27.5) 29 (72.5) 40 (12.5)
 Kefa 9 (37.5) 15 (62.5) 24 (7.5)
 Gurage 3 (20.0) 12 (80.0) 15 (4.7)
 Others** 9 (64.3) 5 (35.7) 14 (4.4)
Average family monthly income (USD)***
 <100 62 (24.9) 187 (75.1) 249 (81.4) <0.001
 ≥100 51 (36.9) 6 (10.5) 57 (18.6)
Occupation
 Employed@ 93 (78.8%) 151 (75.1%) 244 (76.5%) 0.453
 Unemployed 25 ( 21.2%) 50 (24.9%) 75 (23.5%)
Living With
 Alone 23 (29.9) 54 (70.1) 77 (24.1) 0.365
 Family 24 (44.4) 30 (55.6) 54 (16.9)
 Parents 65 (37.4) 109 (62.6) 174 (54.5)
Other
 Educational Status 6 (42.9) 8 (57.1) 14 (4.4) <0.001
 Elementary or less 39 (20.1) 155 (79.9) 194 (60.8)
 Secondary and above 79 (63.2) 46 (36.8) 125 (39.2)
Average family monthly income (USD)
 <100 62 (24.9) 187 (75.1) 249 (81.4) <0.001
 ≥100 51 (36.9) 6 (10.5) 57 (18.6)
Average individual monthly income (USD)
 <100 64 (28.3%) 162 (71.7%) 226 (84.6) <0.001
 ≥100 37 (90.2%) 4 (9.8%) 41 (15.4)
Food Diversity
 High 72 (49.6%) 76 (50.4%) 148 (46.4) <0.001
 Low 46 (27.0%) 125 (73.0%) 171 (53.6)
Do you get money support from any organization?
 Yes 11 (20.8%) 42 (79.2%) 53 (16.6) 0.009
 No 107 (40.2%) 159 (59.8%) 266 (83.4)
Do you get any food ration from any organization?
 Yes 12 (17.9%) 56 (82.4%) 68 (21.3) <0.001
 No 106 (42.2%) 145 (57.8%) 251 (78.7)
Body mass index (BMI)
 <18.5 19 (30.2) 44 (69.8) 63 (19.7) 0.210
 >=18.5 99 (38.7) 157 (61.3) 256 (80.3)
Food Aids
 Present 12 (17.6) 56 (82.4) 68 (21.3) <0.001
 Absent 106 (42.2) 145 (57.8) 251 (78.7)

**Catholic, Jova witness, Farmer, Bar.

*Tigre, Yem, Wolayita, Kenbata, Sidama, Bench.

***Exchange rate 1 USD = 10.0 Ethiopian Birr (ETB).

@ Government, Employee of private organization/enterprise and NGO employee.

Tiyou et al.

Tiyou et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:51   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-51

Open Data