Table 2

Association of variables with food insecurity among PLWHA on HAART, Jimma University Specialized Hospital, 2009
Variables Food insecurity status Crude OR(95% CI) P-value Adjusted OR(95% CI) P-value
Food secure Food in-secure
Educational Status <0.001 <0.001
 Elementary or less 39 (20.1%) 155 (79.9%) 6.82 (4.12-11.31) 3.10 (1.68-5.71)
 Secondary and above 79 (63.2%) 46 (36.8%) 1.00 1.00
Average family monthly income (USD) <0.001 <0.001
 <100 62 (24.9%) 187 (75.1%) 25.6 (10.5-62.6) 13.1 (4.29-40.0)
 ≥100 51 (36.9%) 6 (10.5%) 1.00 1.00
Food Diversity <0.001 0.01
 Low 72 (49.6%) 76 (50.4%) 2.67 (1.67-4.26) 2.18 (1.21--3.99)
 High 46 (27.0%) 125 (73.0%) 1.00 1.00
Do you get money support from any organization? 0.009
 Yes 11 (20.8%) 42 (79.2%) 2.57 (1.27-5.21)
 No 107 (40.2%) 159 (59.8%) 1.00
Do you get any food ration from any organization? <0.001
 Yes 12 (17.9%) 56 (82.4%) 3.4 1(1.74-6.68)
 No 106 (42.2%) 145 (57.8%) 1.00

Adjusted for age, residence, occupation, financial support, food ration.

Regression method: forward stepwise elimination logistic regression model.

Tiyou et al.

Tiyou et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:51   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-51

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