Table 3

Association of variables with dietary diversity among PLWHA on HAART, Jimma University Specialized Hospital, 2009
Variables Dietary diversity Crude OR(95% CI) P-value Adjusted OR(95% CI) P-value
Low High
Educational Status <0.001 0.005
 Elementary or less 126 (64.9% 68 (35.1%) 0.38 (0.24-0.61) 0.49 (0.30-0 .80)
 Secondary and above 52 (41.6%) 73 (58.4%) 1.00 1.00
Meal frequency <0.001 0.001
 Low 125 (65.8%) 65 (34.2%) 0.36 (0.23-0.57) 0.43 (0.26-0 .71)
 High 53 (41.1%) 76 (58.9%) 1.00 1.00
Food Insecurity <0.001
 Food Secured 48 (40.7%) 70 (59.3%) 2.67 (1.67-4.26)
 Food Insecured 130 (64.7%) 71 (35.3%) 1.00
Average family monthly income (USD) 0.001
 <100 152 (61.0%) 97 (39.0%) 0.37 (0.21-0.67)
 ≥100 21 (36.8%) 36 (63.2%) 1.00
Permanent residence 0.034
 Jimma 158 (58.3%) 113 (41.7%) 1.00
 Outside Jimma 20 (41.7%) 28 (58.3%) 1.96 (1.05-3.65)
Body mass index (BMI) 0.028
 <18.5 43 (68.3%) 20 (31.7%) 0.52 (0.29-0.93)
 >=18.5 135 (52.7%) 121 (47.3%) 1.00

Adjusted for age, residence, income, BMI, food insecurity.

Regression method: forward stepwise elimination logistic regression model.

Tiyou et al.

Tiyou et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:51   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-51

Open Data