Table 3

Prevalence of MetS and its individual features, according to the four DPs
Women Men
“healthy" “low fruit and vegetables” “red meat and alcohol” “In transition to fast-food” P “healthy” “fish” “red meat and alcohol” “intermediate” p
n (%)
High waist circumference 140 (44.3) 57 (49.1) 115 (43.9) 229 (36.6) 0.014 24 (13.3) 63 (17.8) 32 (17.4) 23 (20.4) 0.424
High triglycerides/ medication 71 (22.6) 23 (19.5) 53 (20.5) 106 (16.9) 0.193 46 (25.3) 122 (34.4) 61 (33.2) 34 (30.4) 0.178
Low HDL cholesterol/ medication 88 (27.9) 43 (36.4) 74 (28.8) 172 (27.5) 0.264 48 (26.8) 84 (23.9) 42 (23.3) 37 (33.3) 0.203
High blood pressure/ medication 221 (72.0) 75 (69.4) 164 (65.3) 337 (55.7) <0.001 122 (70.9) 245 (70.6) 118 (66.7) 86 (78.9) 0.177
High glucose/ medication 71 (22.7) 21 (18.3) 59 (23.0) 98 (15.7) 0.020 48 (26.8) 106 (30.1) 51 (28.3) 30 (26.8) 0.835
MetS 107 (33.8) 40 (33.6) 90 (34.4) 148 (23.4) <0.001 43 (23.5) 88 (24.6) 46 (25.0) 36 (31.9) 0.399
Number of MetS features
0 56 (17.7) 24 (20.2) 59 (22.5) 189 (29.9) 36 (19.7) 52 (14.6) 39 (21.2) 21 (18.6)
1 92 (29.0) 33 (27.7) 71 (27.1) 172 (27.2) 69 (37.7) 109 (30.5) 53 (28.8) 29 (25.7)
2 62 (19.6) 22 (18.5) 42 (16.0) 123 (19.5) 35 (19.1) 108 (30.3) 46 (25.0) 27 (23.9)
3 65 (20.5) 21 (17.6) 60 (22.9) 88 (13.9) 26 (14.2) 58 (16.2) 25 (13.6) 20 (17.7)
4 30 (9.5) 16 (13.4) 20 (7.6) 40 (6.3) 14 (7.7) 29 (8.1) 21 (11.4) 13 (11.5)
5 12 (3.8) 3 (2.5) 10 (3.8) 20 (3.2) 0.002 3 (1.6) 1 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 3 (2.7) 0.036

Fonseca et al.

Fonseca et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:64   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-64

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