Table 4

Association between MetS and each of its features and the four identified DP
Women Men
“healthy” “low fruit and vegetables" ”red meat and alcohol” “In transition to fast-food” “healthy” “fish” “red meat and alcohol” “intermediate”
High waist circumference Model 1 1 1.88 (1.17-3.01)* 1.45 (1.01-2.07)* 1.20 (0.88-1.65) 1 1.50 (0.89-2.52) 1.80 (0.99-3.28) 1.74 (0.92-3.30)
Model 2 1 1.95 (0.94-4.06) 1.12 (0.64-1.96) 1.08 (0.67-1.73) 1 1.10 (0.46-2.65) 1.51 (0.55-4.20) 2.78 (0.96-8.01)
High triglycerides/ medication Model 1 1 1.05 (0.61-1.80) 1.13 (0.75-1.72) 1.03 (0.72-1.49) 1 1.57 (1.05-2.35)* 1.50 (0.95-2.38) 1.28 (0.75-2.15)
Model 2 1 0.82 (0.46-1.46) 0.97 (0.62-1.51) 1.00 (0.68-1.47) 1 1.29 (0.78-2.14) 1.10 (0.63-1.94) 1.07 (0.60-1.88)
Low HDL cholesterol/ medication Model 1 1 1.78 (1.12-2.82)* 1.23 (0.85-1.79) 1.27 (0.92-1.76) 1 0.90 (0.59-1.36) 0.85 (0.52-1.38) 1.32 (0.78-2.21)
Model 2 1 1.47 (0.90-2.41) 1.13 (0.76-1.68) 1.30 (0.92-1.82) 1 0.95 (0.57-1.57) 0.88 (0.49-1.56) 1.26 (0.73-2.18)
High blood pressure/ medication Model 1 1 1.52 (0.84-2.74) 1.19 (0.77-1.83) 0.97 (0.67-1.40) 1 0.88 (0.56-1.39) 1.17 (0.70-1.95) 1.63 (0.86-3.10)
Model 2 1 1.62 (0.84-3.12) 0.98 (0.62-1.56) 0.94 (0.64-1.39) 1 0.59 (0.32-1.08) 0.76 (0.39-1.46) 1.77 (0.88-3.59)
High glucose/ medication Model 1 1 1.01 (0.58-1.78) 1.39 (0.92-2.10) 1.01 (0.70-1.47) 1 1.24 (0.82-1.87) 1.32 (0.82-2.13) 1.00 (0.58-1.72)
Model 2 1 0.77 (0.42-1.43) 1.03 (0.66-1.63) 0.92 (0.62-1.37) 1 1.06 (0.64-1.75) 1.05 (0.60-1.85) 0.96 (0.54-1.71)
MetS Model 1 1 1.48 (0.91-2.42) 1.57 (1.07-2.29)* 1.08 (0.77-1.52) 1 1.13 (0.74-1.74) 1.33 (0.81-2.19) 1.53 (0.90-2.62)
Model 2 1 1.06 (0.59-1.91) 1.19 (0.76-1.87) 0.97 (0.65-1.44) 1 0.84 (0.48-1.45) 0.91 (0.49-1.69) 1.52 (0.83-2.78)

Model 1 OR adjusted for age and daily energy intake.

Model 2 OR adjusted for age, daily energy intake, education, physical activity, smoking, alcohol drinking, BMI, and menopausal status.

* p < 0.05.

Fonseca et al.

Fonseca et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:64   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-64

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