Open Access Research

Popcorn is more satiating than potato chips in normal-weight adults

Von Nguyen1, Lisa Cooper1, Joshua Lowndes1, Kathleen Melanson2, Theodore J Angelopoulos3, James M Rippe4 and Kristin Reimers5*

Author affiliations

1 Rippe Lifestyle Institute, 215 Celebration Place, Celebration, , FL, 34747, USA

2 Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Knigston, RI, 02881, USA

3 Center for Lifestyle Medicine and Department of Health Professions, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, 32816, USA

4 Rippe Lifestyle Institute, 21 N. Quinsigamond Avenue, Shrewsbury, MA, 01545, USA

5 ConAgra Foods, 5 ConAgra Drive, Omaha, NE 68102, USA

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Citation and License

Nutrition Journal 2012, 11:71  doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-71

Published: 14 September 2012

Abstract

Background

Strategies that may increase compliance to reduced energy intakes are needed to reduce the health burden of obesity. Conflicting evidence exists regarding the effects of snacking on satiety and energy intake.

Methods

This study compared short-term satiety from two common snack foods, low fat popcorn or potato chips. Using a counterbalanced within-subject design, 35 normal weight non-smoking participants (17 men, 18 women) ages 20–50 years (mean age 33 ± 11, BMI 23 ± 2 kg/m2) consumed four conditions each: 200 mL of water (control), one cup (4 g, 15 kcal) popcorn, 6 cups (27 g, 100 kcal) popcorn, and one cup (28 g, 150 kcal) potato chips, each with 200 mL water. Participants rated their hunger, satisfaction, prospective consumption, and thirst on 100 mm visual analogue scales 30 minutes after commencement of snack consumption. In addition, post-snack energy intake from an ad libitum meal (amount served less amount remaining) was measured, and the test food and meal combined energy intake and energy compensation were calculated.

Results

Participants expressed less hunger, more satisfaction, and lower estimates of prospective food consumption after six cups of popcorn compared to all other treatments (P < 0.05). Energy compensation was 220% ± 967%, 76% ± 143% and 42% ± 75% after one cup popcorn, six cups popcorn and one cup potato chips, respectively. Combined energy intake was significantly greater (P < 0.01) during the potato chips condition (803 ± 277 kcal) compared to control (716 ± 279 kcal) or popcorn conditions (698 ± 286 kcal for one cup and 739 ± 294 kcal for six cups). Combined energy intakes from both popcorn conditions were not significantly different than control (p > 0.05).

Conclusion

Popcorn exerted a stronger effect on short-term satiety than did potato chips as measured by subjective ratings and energy intake at a subsequent meal. This, combined with its relatively low calorie load, suggests that whole grain popcorn is a prudent choice for those wanting to reduce feelings of hunger while managing energy intake and ultimately, body weight.

Keywords:
Popcorn; Satiety; Hunger; Fullness; Snack; Energy intake; Energy compensation; Weight management