Table 2

Anthropometric, dietary and serum variables in the subject groups after vitamin D3 supplementation and changes in variables between measurement periods
Characteristics Vitamin D group Placebo group P-valuea
Week 12 Changeb Week 12 Change
Body weight (kg) 73.5±10.43 -0.3±1.5 75±12.3 -0.1±1.7 0.71
Waist circumference (cm) 89.5±8.8 -0.3±4.3 91.6±13 0.4±4.1 0.38
Hip circumference (cm) 107.6±7.9 -0.39±2.4 107.3±7.2 -0.9±2.4 0.36
BMI (kg/m2) 30±4 -0.13±0.6 29.5±4.6 -0.04±0.6 0.50
Fat mass(kg) 28.2±7.5 -2.7±2.1 28.6±8.9 -0.47±2.1 <0.001
Fat free mass (kg) 45.5±4.9 1.8±2.1 46.2±5 0.4±2.1 <0.001
Physical activity (METminutes/week) 892±1488 -10±1627 1081±1372 379±1137 0.23
Energy intake (kcal/d) 2010±1289 143.7±1358.4 1852±992 -208±920.9 0.32
Carbohydrate intake (g/d) 312±186 31.8±194.6 294±164 -34.3±143 0.23
Fiber intake (g/d) 16±12 1±11.7 14±7 -4.3±11.3 0.10
Protein intake (g/d) 72±53 7.8±54.3 66±32 -9.3±35.6 0.29
Fat intake (g/d) 53±43 -2.3±52.2 45±36 -4.2±39.3 0.48
Dietary calcium intake (mg/d) 829±533 -43.9±674.4 625±454 -51.8±509.5 0.18
Dietary vitamin D intake (μg/d) 0.4±0.47 -0.09±0.77 0.37±0.35 -0.04±0.52 0.70
25(OH) D (nmol/L) 75±22 38.2±32 51.5±31 4.6±14 <0.001
PTH (pmol/L) 1.2±0.5 -0.2±0.5 1.7±0.8 0.2±0.5 <0.001
Calcium (mmol/L) 2.2±0.1 -0.02±0.1 2.3±0.09 -0.02±0.1 0.81
Phosphorus (mmol/L) 0.9±0.09 -0.12±0.1 1±0.09 -0.09±0.1 0.21

aAn analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to adjust mean differences on all dependent variables.

bAfter 12 weeks.

Mean ± SD (all such values).

Salehpour et al.

Salehpour et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:78   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-78

Open Data