Table 2

Postprandial incremental areas under the curve (iAUC 0–120 min) for plasma glucose, serum insulin, plasma GLP-1 and GIP
Glucose1 Insulin1 GLP-12 GIP2
mmol · min %4 nmol · min %4 pmol · min %4 pmol · min %4
WWB 96.8 ± 13.6a 0 10.1 ± 1.8a 0 276.6 ± 118.6a 0 1115.2 ± 271.5a 0
Human milk 48.0 ± 7.6b −50 9.0 ± 1.6a −10 427.2 ± 131.9a +154 699.6 ± 151.1a −37
Whey 54.1 ± 11.7b −44 16.0 ± 2.6b +58 980.2 ± 167.8b +354 2717.3 ± 665.3b +244
Casein 35.1 ± 8.4b −64 10.4 ± 1.8a +3 444.9 ± 118.8a +180 1260.1 ± 259.2a +113
Bovine milk 40.6 ± 10.9b −58 11.7 ± 2.6ab +16

Values are means ± SEM. Values within the same column not sharing same letters are significantly different (P < 0.05).

1n = 9 healthy subjects.

2n = 8 healthy subjects (WWB, whey) and n = 7 (casein, human milk).

4 Change in postprandial response as a percentage of the WWB reference meal.

Gunnerud et al.

Gunnerud et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:83   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-83

Open Data