Table 1

Daily energy, macronutrient, and fiber intake by postmenopausal women during the run-in, high-fiber rye bread (RB) and refined wheat bread (WB) periods, and test bread intake1
Run-in RB WB
Energy (MJ/d) 7.2 ± 1.5 7.5 ± 1.5 7.3 ± 1.5
Protein (% energy) 17.4 ± 3.2 18.4 ± 2.2a 17.3 ± 2.4
Total fat (% energy) 31.4 ± 6.3 27.9 ± 6.9b 28.9 ± 6.3b
SFA (% energy) 13.3 ± 3.5 11.4 ± 3.5b 11.3 ± 3.3b
MUFA (% energy) 10.4 ± 2.5 9.0 ± 2.9b 8.5 ± 2.8b
PUFA (% energy) 5.0 ± 1.1 3.5 ± 1.1b 3.6 ± 1.4b
Carbohydrates (% energy) 49.5 ± 6.9 52.8 ± 6.2a,b 52.5 ± 7.2b
Total dietary fiber (g) 24.2 ± 6.9 47.2 ± 9.1a,b 15.4 ± 4.0b
Insoluble dietary fiber (g) 11.01 ± 3.2 33.4 ± 6.5 a,b 6.2 ± 1.2b
Soluble dietary fiber (g) 5.6 ± 1.8 9.4 ± 1.9 a,b 4.9 ± 1.4b
Cholesterol (mg) 231 ± 111 228 ± 99 198 ± 84
Minimum amount of test breads to be consumed (g) 117 ± 18 103 ± 16
Test bread intake (g) 215 ± 47 180 ± 42

1Values are expressed as mean ± SD; n = 33. Intake was calculated from 4-d food records.aP<0.05 compared with WB; bP<0.05 compared with run-in (paired t-test).

Moazzami et al.

Moazzami et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:88   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-88

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