Table 1

Dietary fatty acids at baseline and after the 2-wk diet intervention for participants randomized to omnivorous, fish, or vegetarian dietsa

Omnivorous diet

Fish diet

Vegetarian diet

Baseline

Week 2

Baseline

Week 2

Baseline

Week 2

P


α linolenic, g

0.37 (0.68)

0.44 (0.79)

0.79 (0.89)

0.28 (0.81)

0.58 (0.70)

0.38 (0.50)

0.874

Eicosa-pentaenoic, g

0.06 (0.10)

0.09 (0.12)

0.10 (0.13)

0.23 (0.26)b

0.06 (0.10)

0.00 (0.00)bc

.001

Docosa-hexaenoic, g

0.12 (0.15)

0.12 (0.17)

0.19 (0.25)

0.36 (0.37)b

0.09 (0.13)

0.00 (0.00)bc

.001

Total n-3, g

0.69 (0.88)

0.61 (0.85)

1.10 (0.74)

1.11 (1.48)

0.73 (0.60)

0.39 (0.50)

.065

Linolenic, g

4.29 (4.49)

3.54 (4.48)

6.49 (6.85)

5.53 (7.49)

4.63 (4.08)

4.69 (4.72)

.790

Arachidonic, g

0.12 (0.12)

0.08 (0.12)

0.14 (0.07)

0.08 (0.11)

0.10 (0.06)

0.00 (0.00)bc

.001

Total n-6, g

5.63 (3.78)

4.21 (4.49)

6.77 (6.95)

5.71 (7.11)

5.03 (4.64)

4.70 (5.05)

.821

Saturated, g

10.44 (7.92)

9.69 (10.22)

13.15 (9.86)

7.56 (8.72)

14.66 (12.36)

8.44 (9.99)

.173

Total fatty acids, g

29.78 (13.79)

30.12 (25.73)

39.52 (34.8)

30.64 (31.59)

38.40 (28.45)

22.86 (23.86)

.278

n-6/n-3*

7.32 (5.21)

7.50 (5.67)

6.76 (5.63)

3.99 (6.21)

7.88 (2.12)

14.55 (10.60)bc

.001


a Data are median (IQR); P value for 2-wk change in scores by group (Kruskal Wallis test)

b Change from baseline significantly greater for vegetarian diet than for omnivorous diet

c Change from baseline significantly greater for vegetarian diet than for fish diet

* LA + AA/ALA + EPA + DHA

Beezhold and Johnston Nutrition Journal 2012 11:9   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-9

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