Table 1

Percent of children<15 years that consumed each beverage in NHANES 19761980, NHANES 19881994, and NHANES 20012006, categorized by age
Beverage NHANES 1976-1980* (A) NHANES 19881994 (B) NHANES 20012006 (C) Change (A-B) p-value (A-B) Change (B-C) p-value (B-C) Change (A-C) p-value (A-C)
Total Milk
<1 year N/A 3.1 ± 0.71 13.8 ± 1.3 N/A N/A 10.7 <0.0001 N/A
1 year 86.0 ± 1.8 90.8 ± 0.9 87.0 ± 1.4 4.8 0.0171 −3.8 0.0224 1.0 0.6610
2 years 82.9 ± 1.6 89.2 ± 1.1 88.3 ± 1.4 6.3 0.0012 −0.9 0.6132 5.4 0.0111
3 years 84.1 ± 1.3 89.4 ± 1.5 83.9 ± 1.8 5.3 0.0076 −5.5 0.0189 −0.2 0.9282
4 years 86.7 ± 1.2 86.5 ± 1.8 83.0 ± 1.4 −0.2 0.9263 −3.5 0.1248 −3.7 0.0448
5 years 86.2 ± 1.6 90.9 ± 1.3 84.0 ± 2.0 4.7 0.0226 −6.9 0.0038 −2.2 0.3904
Flavored Milk
<1 year N/A 0.1 ± 0.1 1.2 ± 0.5 N/A N/A 1.1 0.0310 N/A
1 year 1.4 ± 0.3 1.8 ± 0.6 6.1 ± 0.9 0.4 0.5510 4.3 0.0001 4.7 <0.0001
2 years 3.8 ± 0.8 2.2 ± 0.6 13.9 ± 1.4 −1.6 0.1096 11.7 <0.0001 10.1 <0.0001
3 years 3.6 ± 0.6 4.6 ± 1.1 15.7 ± 2.0 1.0 0.4248 11.1 <0.0001 12.1 <0.0001
4 years 5.4 ± 1.1 3.2 ± 0.8 19.8 ± 2.2 −2.2 0.1058 16.6 <0.0001 14.4 <0.0001
5 years 8.4 ± 1.1 12.3 ± 1.9 22.2 ± 2.4 3.9 0.0757 9.9 0.0012 13.8 <0.0001
100% Fruit Juice
<1 year N/A 31.5 ± 2.4 38.5 ± 2.2 N/A N/A 7.0 0.0316 N/A
1 year 36.0 ± 2.3 41.4 ± 2.3 63.3 ± 2.2 5.4 0.0969 21.9 <0.0001 27.3 <0.0001
2 years 36.1 ± 1.9 36.3 ± 2.3 61.3 ± 2.4 0.2 0.9465 25.0 <0.0001 25.2 <0.0001
3 years 32.0 ± 2.2 24.6 ± 1.9 54.7 ± 2.7 −7.4 0.0109 30.1 <0.0001 22.7 <0.0001
4 years 35.1 ± 2.1 25.8 ± 3.2 50.9 ± 2.7 −9.3 0.0151 25.1 <0.0001 15.8 <0.0001
5 years 32.1 ± 2.4 19.9 ± 2.1 41.7 ± 3.6 −12.2 0.0001 21.8 <0.0001 9.6 0.0265
Fruit Drink
<1 year N/A 2.9 ± 0.6 7.6 ± 1.0 N/A N/A 4.7 0.0001 N/A
1 year 33.4 ± 2.7 29.7 ± 1.7 27.2 ± 1.4 −3.7 0.2462 −2.5 0.2563 −6.2 0.0415
2 years 40.5 ± 2.5 36.5 ± 2.0 35.5 ± 2.2 −4.0 0.2115 −1.0 0.7366 −5.0 0.1348
3 years 41.2 ± 2.2 37.8 ± 2.6 38.7 ± 2.4 −3.4 0.3181 0.9 0.7992 −2.5 0.4426
4 years 40.9 ± 2.1 46.5 ± 2.7 42.3 ± 3.0 5.6 0.1016 4.2 0.2981 1.4 0.7022
5 years 41.8 ± 2.7 44.1 ± 2.8 51.7 ± 2.7 2.3 0.5543 7.6 0.0507 9.9 0.0095
Soft Drinks
<1 year N/A 0.6± 0.3 2.4 ± 0.6 N/A N/A 1.8 0.0073 N/A
1 year 25.9 ± 2.4 22.7 ± 1.5 18.8 ± 1.7 −3.2 0.2582 −3.9 0.0854 −7.1 0.0158
2 years 34.2 ± 2.2 37.1 ± 2.1 28.9 ± 1.9 2.9 0.3403 −8.2 0.0038 −5.3 0.0683
3 years 37.4 ± 2.2 40.3 ± 3.2 38.3 ± 2.7 2.9 0.4552 −2.0 0.6329 0.9 0.7961
4 years 37.6 ± 1.4 43.0 ± 2.7 41.2 ± 2.8 5.4 0.0758 −1.8 0.6435 3.6 0.2502
5 years 35.1 ± 1.8 46.3 ± 2.2 44.7± 2.5 11.2 0.0001 −1.6 0.6309 9.6 0.0018

*Data only available for children 6 months or older; N/A: not available.

1Mean ± standard error; data represent percentage of children consuming any amount of described beverages in the 24-hr recall.

Fulgoni and Quann

Fulgoni and Quann Nutrition Journal 2012 11:92   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-92

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