Table 3

Characteristics associated with fruits and vegetables consumed per day among adolescents from Southern Brazil [mean ± SD]or n (%)‡‡
Fruits Vegetables Five-a-day Rice & beans
Education (years)
0-4 1.9 ±2.1 1.4 ±2.0 11 (16.9) 4.2 ±2.6
5-8 2.2 ±2.0 1.3 ±1.3 70 (23.8) 3.5 ±2.4
≥9 2.2 ±2.3 1.4 ±1.4 48 (23.0) 2.8 ±0.2
P value 0.5 0.8 0.5 <0.001
Current smoker
No 2.2 ±2.1 1.3 ±1.4 114 (22.3) 3.3 ±2.5
Yes 2.6 ±2.7 1.6 ±1.5 15 (26.3) 3.6 ±2.2
P value 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.5
Alcohol consumption in the last 30 days (g/week)ƒ
No 2.1 ±2.0 1.3 ±1.4 74 (20.7) 3.4 ±2.6
< 12.7 2.6 ±2.5 1.3 ±1.1 20 (29.0) 2.9 ±2.0
≥ 12.7 2.3 ±2.4 1.6 ±1.7 35 (24.6) 3.4 ±2.2
P value 0.09 0.06 0.3 0.4
Physical activity
Mild 2.3 ±2.2 1.2 ±1.2 32 (23.0) 3.1 ±2.6
Moderate 1.9 ±1.9 1.4 ±1.4 51 (19.0) 3.2 ±2.3
Vigorous 2.6 ±2.5 1.5 ±1.7 46 (28.8) 3.7 ±2.6
P value 0.01 0.2 0.06 0.03
Body mass index
Underweight 2.0 ±2.0 1.3 ±1.2 7 (15.6) 3.2 ±3.4
Normal 2.2 ±2.3 1.3 ±1.4 82 (20.9) 3.4 ±2.3
Overweight 2.4 ±2.5 1.5 ±1.5 40 (30.5) 3.2 ±2.5
P value 0.5 0.5 0.04 0.7

‡ Analysis of variance.

‡‡ Pearson chi-squared test.

† Consumption of five servings a day.

ƒ Grams of ethanol per week.

Rieth et al.

Rieth et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:95   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-95

Open Data