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Open Access Research

In depth analysis of risk factors for coeliac disease amongst children under 18 years Old in the Gaza strip. A cross sectional study

Mohammad B Al-Raee1*, Mazen A El-Sakka2 and Adnan A Al-Wahaidi3

Author affiliations

1 El Dorra Pediatrics Hospital, Yafast, the Gaza strip, Gaza city, Palestine

2 Collage of Pharmacology, Al-Azhar University, Al-Thalathiney St, the Gaza strip, Gaza city, Palestine

3 Ard El-Insan Palestinian Benevolent Association, Al-Nussir St, the Gaza strip, Gaza city, Palestine

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Citation and License

Nutrition Journal 2012, 11:97  doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-97

Published: 20 November 2012

Abstract

Coeliac disease is an important clinical disorder affecting the human gastrointestinal tract leading to multiple signs and symptoms in different body organs. This disease was the subject of a cross sectional descriptive-analytic study conducted in the Gaza Strip during 2010. Objectives were oriented to identify and verify several variables and attributes affecting the prognosis of coeliac disease in the patients. Ninety five children out of 113 patients were arranged into two groups according to age from 2 to 11 years and from 12 to 18 years old. Results showed the poor interest of health professionals regarding coeliac disease in the Gaza Strip. The mean age of study population was 5.47 years for males and 8.93 years for females. The lifestyle of coeliac patients was directly proportional with better nutritional indictors. Poor recognition of the emblem illustrating gluten in foods implicates effective health awareness or promotion. The more knowledgeable patients or mothers (P = 0.036) were the more compliant. The compliance to giving gluten free foods outside home was statistically significant (P = 0.037). Similarly, cautious approach when buying foods or detergents (P = 0.011). According to BMI 74.4%, 23.4% and 3.2% of all patients were normal, underweight and overweight respectively. Albumin blood level was normal in 32.6% and low in 67.4%. Meanwhile, blood calcium level was normal in 76.8%, low in 21.1% and high in 2.1% of all patients. Conclusion: The study showed that recreation and social activities for coeliac patients are substantially missing in the Gaza Strip. Moreover, the study proved that AEI is a reliable centre for care of coeliac disease patients and conducting relevant studies. Recommendation: There is a need for thorough and continuous community and institutional mobilization regarding coeliac disease in the Gaza Strip and in Palestine.

Keywords:
Ard El-Insan: AEI; Body Mass Index: BMI; Coeliac Diseases: CD; Enteropathy; Endomyseal antibodies: EMA; Gluten; Tissue Transglutaminase: TtG