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Dietary nutrient intake and metabolic syndrome risk in Chinese adults: a case–control study

Shanshan Bian1, Yuxia Gao2, Meilin Zhang1, Xuan Wang1, Weiqiao Liu3, Dalong Zhang1 and Guowei Huang1*

Author affiliations

1 Department of Nutrition and Food Science, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, China

2 Department of Cardiology, General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300052, China

3 Health Examination Center of Heping District, Tianjin 300070, China

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Citation and License

Nutrition Journal 2013, 12:106  doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-106

Published: 30 July 2013



Because human diets are composed of a wide variety of nutrients that may work synergistically to prevent or promote disease, assessing dietary nutrient intake status may be informative. The purpose of this study was to assess the dietary nutrient intake status of Chinese adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and to evaluate its possible role in MetS.


This case–control study was conducted from March 2010 to January 2011. A total of 123 patients with MetS and 135 controls participated in this study at the Health Examination Center of Heping District in Tianjin, China. Dietary intake was estimated by 24-h dietary recalls. We used principal component factor analysis to derive nutrient groups from 17 major nutrients. We examined the odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals using logistic regression models to test the relationship between tertiles of dietary nutrient pattern and MetS.


There were 4 major dietary nutrient patterns in this study: “vitamin B group”, “protein and lipids”, “vitamin E and minerals”, and “antioxidant vitamins”. After adjustment for potential confounders, the highest tertile of the nutrient pattern factor score for the “vitamin B group” (odds ratio: 0.16; 95% confidence interval: 0.05–0.47) was negatively associated with MetS compared with the lowest tertiles. No relationships were found between other dietary nutrient patterns and MetS.


The “vitamin B group” pattern was inversely associated with MetS in Chinese adults. This finding supports the hypothesis that the “vitamin B group” pattern may have a potentially beneficial effect on the prevention of MetS.

Metabolic syndrome; Dietary nutrient intake; Niacin; Thiamine; Factor analysis