Table 1

Body composition, blood pressure (BP) and blood lipid measures of young men
Characteristic Lean1(n=20) 2 Overweight1(n=15) 2 P values3 Lean4(n=18) 2 Overweight4(n=17) 2 P values3
Age (years) 21.2 (1.7) 5 22.5 (2.6) 0.102 20.8 (1.2) 22.7 (2.6) <0.001
Body weight (kg) 71.1 (10.4) 85.9 (12.2) <0.001 70.3 (10.3) 85.0 (12.1) <0.001
Height (m) 1.75 (0.07) 1.78 (0.07) 0.252 1.75 (0.07) 1.77 (0.07) 0.579
Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.2 (2.8) 27.2 (3.0) <0.001 22.8 (2.5) 27.2 (2.9) <0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 78.3 (2.8) 88.5 (8.1) <0.001 77.5 (4.7) 88.1 (7.8) <0.001
Hip circumference (cm) 98.8 (5.9) 107.3 (5.7) <0.001 97.8 (5.3) 107.3 (5.4) <0.001
Fat mass (kg) 9.6 (3.8) 22.0 (6.0) <0.001 9.1 (3.5) 21.1 (6.1) <0.001
Body fat (%) 13.4 (4.0) 25.7 (5.8) <0.001 12.8 (3.7) 24.9 (5.8) <0.001
Fat-free mass (kg) 58.1 (7.7) 60.3 (9.2) 0.448 57.9 (7.8) 60.2 (9.0) 0.419
Fat-free mass (%) 86.6 (4.0) 74.3 (5.8) <0.001 87.2 (3.7) 75.1 (5.8) <0.001
Systolic BP (mmHg) 120.3 (9.0) 124.3 (11.2) 0.248 120.7 (9.4) 123.3 (10.8) 0.458
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 57.3 (7.2) 60.1 (7.0) 0.247 56.8 (7.4) 60.2 (6.7) 0.165
TC (mmol/L) 4.33 (0.92) 4.63 (1.06) 0.375 4.26 (0.93) 4.66 (1.01) 0.222
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.46 (0.29) 1.30 (0.16) 0.043 1.47 (0.31) 1.31 (0.16) 0.082
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.57 (0.83) 2.78 (0.76) 0.448 2.49 (0.82) 2.84 (0.76) 0.07
LDL-C/HDL-C 1.83 (0.70) 2.20 (0.69) 0.135 1.78 (0.70) 2.21 (0.67) 0.07
TC/HDL-C 3.05 (0.80) 3.62 (0.92) 0.058 3.00 (0.81) 3.60 (0.88) 0.04
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 0.86 (0.30) 1.41 (1.49) 0.172 0.86 (0.31) 1.34 (1.40) 0.167

TC Total Cholesterol, HDL-C High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.

1 Lean (%body fat<20%) and overweight (%body fat≥20%).

2 Number of participants.

3 Probability of means being different by T test.

4 Lean (body fat/height2<6 kg/m2) and overweight (%body fat/height2≥6 kg/m2).

5 Standard Deviation.

Liberato et al.

Liberato et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:108   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-108

Open Data