Table 2

Reported food intake, resting metabolic rate (RMR), daily energy expenditure (EE) (kcal/day), physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) (kcal/day), physical activity level (PAL) and oxygen consumption maximum (VO2max) in young men
Characteristic Lean1(n=20) 2 Overweight1(n=15) 2 P values3 Lean4(n=18) 2 Overweight4(n=17) 2 P values3
Energy intake5, kJ/d; kcal/d 11379 (2249)7; 2720 (537) 11172 (2383); 2670 (570) 0.795 11384 (2195); 2724 (525) 10868 (2386); 2600 (571) 0.51
EI/BW, kJ/kg; kcal/d 162.8 (35.1); 38.95 (8.4) 131.4 (29.3); 31.4 (7.01) 0.008 166.36 (7.8); 39.8 (7.8) 130.8 (30.5); 31.3 (7.3) <0.001
Protein (% of EI) 16.2 (2.4) 17.6 (5.0) 0.334 16.6 (2.2) 17.0 (4.9) 0.72
Fat (% of EI) 32.4 (3.9) 32.0 (6.8) 0.852 32.2 (3.8) 32.3 (6.6) 0.96
  Saturated (%) 13.2 (2.6) 12.5 (3.7) 0.520 13.1 (2.4) 12.6 (3.8) 0.67
  PUFA (%) 4.5 (0.8) 4.7 (1.2) 0.477 4.5 (0.8) 4.7 (1.2) 0.41
  MUFA (%) 12.0 (1.6) 11.7 (2.8) 0.743 11.9 (1.7) 11.8 (2.7) 0.92
  Plant/animal ratio 0.80 (0.76) 0.93 (0.86) 0.636 0.8 9 (0.8) 0.92 (0.81) 0.62
Carbohydrate (%) 46.3 (5.8) 48.4 (9.5) 0.688 47.0 (5.6) 48.6 (9.2) 0.52
Alcohol (%) 4.0 (4.9) 2.0 (4.2) 0.201 4.2 (5.1) 2.0 (4.0) 0.17
RMR, kJ/d; kcal/d 7724 (1178); 1846 (283) 8279 (1103); 1979 (264) 0.166 7687 (4924); 1839 (283) 8235 (1108); 1970 (265) 0.17
EE5, kJ/d; kcal/d 15051 (2693); 3598 (644) 15212 (2433); 3636 582) 0.856 15214 (2763); 3640 (661) 14992 (2375); 3587 (568) 0.80
EE / BMI5, kJ/d.m2/kg; kcal/d.m2/kg 650 (98); 155 (23) 563 (91); 135 (22) 0.011 666.3 (88.2); 159.4 (21.1) 555.1 (86.9); 132.8 (20.8) <0.001
PAEE (EE – RMR)5, kJ/d; kcal/d 7327 (1739); 1751 (415.6) 6934 (1695.8); 1657 (405.3) 0.508 7524 (1710); 1800 (409) 6755 (1655); 1616 (396) 0.19
PAEE / BW5, kJ/d/kg; kcal/d/kg 104 (23); 25 (6) 82 (22); 20 (5) 0.007 107.4 (20.9); 25.7 (5.0) 80.67 (25.7); 19.3 (5.0) <0.001
PAL5 1.95 (0.16) 1.84 (0.19) 0.078 1.97 (0.13) 1.82 (0.19) <0.001
VO2max (ml of O2/kg/min)6 55.62 (5.88) 46.30 (5.97) <0.001 55.8 (6.2) 47.4 (6.2) <0.001

EI/BW Energy intake divided by body weight, PUFA Polyunsaturated fatty acids, MUFA Monounsaturated fatty acids, EE / BMI Energy expenditure divided by body mass index, PAEE / BW Physical activity energy expenditure divided by body weight.

1 Lean (body fat <20%) and overweight (body fat ≥20%).

2 Number of participants.

3 Probability of means being different by T test.

4 Lean (body fat/height2<6 kg/m2) and overweight (%body fat/height2≥6 kg/m2).

5 Mean of 4 days (2 weekdays, Saturday and Sunday).

6 Estimated in 31 (19 lean having %body fat<20% and 12 overweight having %body fat≥20%) participants.

7 Standard Deviation.

Liberato et al.

Liberato et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:108   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-108

Open Data