Table 1

Mean (SD) subject characteristics of the T2DM and control participants
T2DM Controls Pvalue
Mean SD N Mean SD N
Age (y) 56 7.7 65 55 9.5 46 0.459
Anthropometry
Height (m) 1.7 0.1 65 1.7 0.1 46 0.564
Weight (kg) 92.1 14.1 65 78.3 16.2 46 <0.001
BMI 1 32.5 5.3 65 27.6 4.1 46 <0.001
WC (cm) 107.4 12.2 54 101.2 8.4 17 0.021
WHR 3 0.95 0.2 64 0.93 0.1 45 0.001
% Adiposity3 32.6 5.4 65 29.3 4.1 46 0.003
BMI categorya
18.5-24.9 b 1 - - 14 - - -
25.0-29.9 b 26 - - 17 - - -
30.0-34.9 b 20 - - 13 - - -
35.0-39.9 b 12 - - 2 - - -
>40 b 6 - - 0 - - -
Biochemical profile
FPG (mmol/L)2 7.8 1.8 61 4.6 0.6 42 <0.001
Insulin (mU/L) 13.5 8.5 51 - - - -
HbA1c (%)2 6.8 0.9 61 5.5 0.4 33 <0.001
TC (mmol/L)1 4.4 0.9 60 5.2 1.2 43 <0.001
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.3 0.2 52 1.6 0.5 43 0.002
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.7 0.8 52 3.5 1.0 43 <0.001
TAG (mmol/L)1 1.8 0.7 60 1.3 0.6 42 <0.001

T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus, SD standard deviation, N subject numbers, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, WHR waist-hip ratio, FPG fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c glycosylated haemoglobin, TC total cholesterol, HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low density lipoprotein cholesterol, TAG triacylglycerides.

* a World Health Organisation classification (20); b Expressed as frequency.

1Square root transformation; 2 Log transformation; 3 Non-parametric 2-tailed t-test analysis.

All other p-values obtained by independent 2-tailed t-test analyses between T2DM group and control group.

Subject numbers may vary due to missing data.

Statistically significant (P < 0.05).

Murray et al.

Murray et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:110   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-110

Open Data