Table 2

Mean (SD) daily nutrient intake of T2DM and control groups
T2DM Controls Pvalue
Mean SD N Mean SD N
Energy (MJ/day) 7.7 2.1 65 7.8 2.3 46 0.519
Protein (g) 81.3 22.8 65 83.4 26.6 46 0.632
% en protein1 18.0 3.2 65 18.4 5.0 46 0.905
CHO (g)1 206.9 67.7 65 199.8 71.3 46 0.128
% en CHO 42.8 7.7 65 40.0 7.8 46 0.183
Total sugars (g)1 73.1 31.0 65 78.4 33.2 46 0.737
% en total sugars2 15.2 5.0 65 15.8 5.4 46 0.326
NMES (g)2 29.1 23.4 65 32.6 22.4 46 0.741
Fibre (AOAC) (g)1 17.9 5.5 65 18.7 6.0 46 0.861
Total fat (g) 72.5 26.7 65 73.2 26.1 46 0.525
% en total fat 35.2 8.0 65 34.9 6.0 46 0.824
SFA (g) 25.6 10.4 65 25.9 9.8 46 0.498
% en SFA 12.5 3.9 65 12.3 2.8 46 0.622
MUFA (g) 23.5 9.2 65 24.1 9.9 45 0.592
% en MUFA 11.4 3.0 65 11.4 2.8 45 0.824
PUFA (g) 13.2 6.1 65 11.6 5.8 45 0.084
% en PUFA 6.3 2.2 65 5.6 2.0 45 0.066
MUFA:SFA1 0.9 0.2 65 0.9 0.2 45 0.849
PUFA:SFA 0.5 0.2 65 0.4 0.2 45 0.090
Cholesterol (mg)1 252 117 65 283 153 46 0.925
Trans fats (g)2 1.1 1.0 65 1.1 1.0 45 0.912
% en trans fats3 0.5 0.4 65 0.5 0.4 45 0.796
Alcohol (g)1 11.9 14.6 65 17.9 18.4 46 0.912
% en alcohol1 4.1 5.0 65 6.3 6.8 46 0.964
Sodium (mg/10 MJ) 3745.2 794.0 65 3558.8 1133.7 46 0.137
Vitamin C (mg/10 MJ)1 209.4 434.8 65 139.9 75.5 46 0.184
Vitamin E (mg/10 MJ )1 10.6 4.4 65 11.7 5.3 46 0.264
Vitamin D (μg/10 MJ)1 4.2 5.8 65 8.1 6.7 46 0.000
Carotene (μg/10 MJ)3 3484.2 2357.3 65 5066.4 6314.6 45 0.253
Folate (μg/10 MJ)3 367.3 189.3 65 501.6 994.3 46 0.756
Potassium (mg/10 MJ) 4022.1 856.6 65 4185.1 851.1 46 0.324
Magnesium (mg/10 MJ)1 371.5 70.0 65 398.4 100.6 46 0.133
Zinc (mg/10 MJ)3 12.3 2.95 65 13.8 5.6 46 0.148
Micronutrient Adequacy Score (range 0–8) 1.6 1.4 65 2.3 1.4 46 0.009

T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus, SD standard deviation, N subject numbers, % en percentage total energy, CHO carbohydrate, NMES non-milk extrinsic sugars, SFA saturated fatty acids, MUFA mono-unsaturated fatty acids, PUFA poly-unsaturated fatty acids.

1 Log transformation; 2 Square root transformation; 3 Non-parametric 2-tailed t-test analysis. All other p-values obtained by independent 2-tailed t-test analyses between T2DM group and control group.

Subject numbers may vary due to missing data.

Statistically significant (P < 0.05).

Murray et al.

Murray et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:110   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-110

Open Data