Table 6

Summary of dietary quality indices
Dietary quality index Author(s) Score Measure Associations
Mediterranean diet score Trichopoulou et al., 1995 Range: 0–9 Adherence to a traditional Mediterranean dietary pattern ● Inversely associated with overall mortality [9]
● Significant reduction in total mortality [11]
● Inversely associated with cancer disease risk [22-24]
Alternate mediterraneandiet score Fung et al., 2005 Range: 0–9 Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern. Adapted score to give greater focus on within food group quality ● Inverse association with inflammatory biomarkers [12]
● Lower incident of mortality from coronary heart disease and stroke [25]
● Significant inverse association with BMI and obesity [26]
Alternate healthy eating index McCullough et al., 2002 Range: 2.5–87.5 Adherence to USA dietary guidelines and the USA My Food Pyramid. Adapted score to give greater focus on within food group quality ● Significant reduction in overall chronic disease risk, with greater strength in prediction of chronic disease risk when compared to the original Healthy Eating Index [27]
● Inverse association with inflammatory biomarkers [12]
● Reduction in overall disease risk and risk of premature mortality from coronary vascular disease [28]
Healthy diet indicator Huijbregts et al., 1997 Range: 0–9 Adherence to WHO 1990 dietary recommendations for the prevention of chronic disease ● Significantly inverse association with 20 year all-cause mortality in a multi-cultural population [13]
● Significantly correlated with nutritional adequacy (MAR) [29]

BMI Body mass index, USA United States of America, MAR mean adequacy ratio.

Murray et al.

Murray et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:110   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-110

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