|Summary of dietary quality indices|
|Dietary quality index||Author(s)||Score||Measure||Associations|
|Mediterranean diet score||Trichopoulou et al., 1995||Range: 0–9||Adherence to a traditional Mediterranean dietary pattern||● Inversely associated with overall mortality |
|● Significant reduction in total mortality |
|● Inversely associated with cancer disease risk [22-24]|
|Alternate mediterraneandiet score||Fung et al., 2005||Range: 0–9||Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern. Adapted score to give greater focus on within food group quality||● Inverse association with inflammatory biomarkers |
|● Lower incident of mortality from coronary heart disease and stroke |
|● Significant inverse association with BMI and obesity |
|Alternate healthy eating index||McCullough et al., 2002||Range: 2.5–87.5||Adherence to USA dietary guidelines and the USA My Food Pyramid. Adapted score to give greater focus on within food group quality||● Significant reduction in overall chronic disease risk, with greater strength in prediction of chronic disease risk when compared to the original Healthy Eating Index |
|● Inverse association with inflammatory biomarkers |
|● Reduction in overall disease risk and risk of premature mortality from coronary vascular disease |
|Healthy diet indicator||Huijbregts et al., 1997||Range: 0–9||Adherence to WHO 1990 dietary recommendations for the prevention of chronic disease||● Significantly inverse association with 20 year all-cause mortality in a multi-cultural population |
|● Significantly correlated with nutritional adequacy (MAR) |
BMI Body mass index, USA United States of America, MAR mean adequacy ratio.
Murray et al.
Murray et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:110 doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-110