Table 2

Infant anthropometric, vitamin A status, haematologic and anaemia indexes at baseline and end of study
Intervention (n = 100) Control (n = 100) p
Baseline anthro.
Child weight (kg) 8.6 (8.3, 8.9) 8.7 (8.4, 9.1) 0.68
Child height (cm) 74.4 (73.1, 75.8) 75.1 (73.8, 76.3) 0.51
Height for agea −0.95 ± 1.01 (−1.15, -0.75) −1.0 ± −0.96 (−1.22, -0.84) 0.57
Weight for agea −1.1 ± 0.92 (−1.27, -0.89) −1.1 ± 1.0 (−1.3, -0.89) 0.90
Weight for heighta −0.81 ± 0.80 (−0.97, -0.64) −0.8 ± 1.1 (−0.96, -0.53) 0.67
Endline anthro.
Child weight(kg) 10.3 (9.3, 11.3) 10.4 (9.4, 11.5) 0.88
Child height (cm) 89.6 (69.0, 78.2) 79.9 (78.6, 81.1) 0.34
Height for agea −1.4 ± 1.41 (−1.68, -1.08) −1.3 ± 1.50 (−1.70, -1.10) 0.95
Weight for agea −0.83 ± 3.13 (−1.49, -0.16) −0.76 ± 3.18 (−1.42, -0.10) 0.87
Weight for heighta −0.16 ± 4.26 (−1.10, -0.74) −0.10 ± 4.37 (−0.98, -0.83) 0.90
Final anthro.
Child weight (kg) 11.2 (10.8, 11.6) 11.2 (10.8, 11.6) 0.94
Child Height (cm) 85.0 (83.8, 86.1) 84.8 (83.4, 86.2) 0.84
Height for agea 0.86 ± 1.33 (0.56, 1.16) 1.19 ± 2.48 (0.65, 1.72) 0.31
Weight for agea 0.34 ± 0.37 (−0.40, 1.08) 0.54 ± 0.41 (−0.27, 1.35) 0.72
Weight for heighta −0.05 ± 0.48 (−1.01, 0.92) −0.13 ± 0.45 (−1.02, 0.76) 0.90
Baseline indices
Haem (g/dL) 10.7 (10.4,11.0) 10.8 (10.5, 11.0) 0.84
Anaemia (n%)b 28/100 (28.0) 31/100 (31) 0.64
Low Vit. A statusy 59/64 (92.2) 42/47 (89.4) 0.61
Adequate Vit A statusχ 1/64 (1.6) 0/47 (1.6) 0.39
Plasma zinc(μg/dl) 81 (72, 90) 69 (57, 81) 0.10
End line indices
Haem. (g/dL) 10.9 (10.5, 11.2) 10.8 (10.5, 11.2) 0.93
Anaemia (n%)b 21/88 (23.9%) 27/92 (29.4%) 0.69
Low vit. A statusy 45/57 (78.9) 37/43 (86.1) 0.36
Adequate vit A statusχ 1/57 (1.8) 1/43 (2.3) 0.84
Received vit A in 6 months 96/100 (96.0) 95/100 (95.0) 0.50
Plasma zinc (μg/dl) 63 (52, 73) 58 (49, 66) 0.48

a- χ ± SD; range in parenthesis (all such values).

b. Defined as haemoglobin concentration <10 g/dl.

y-low vitamin A status MRDR ≥ 0.06.

χ-Adequate vitamin A status MRDR ≤ 0.03.

Owusu-Agyei et al.

Owusu-Agyei et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:131   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-131

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