Table 1

Socio-demographical and anthropometric characteristics of study participants
All Girls Boys
OW NW All OW NW All OW NW
n 94 51 78 54 24 67 40 27
Age (years) 7.6 ± 1.1 7.3 ± 1.1 7.5 ± 1.1 7.5 ± 1.1 7.5 ± 1.2 7.5 ± 1.0 7.7 ± 1.0 7.2 ± 0.9c
Ethnicity (%)
 caucasian 70 73 68 69 67 75 73 77.8
 asiatic 30 25 31 31 29 25 27 22.2
 black - 2 1 - 4 - - -
Graduation mothers (%)
 < 10 years 28 20 24 26 21 25 30 18
 = 10 years 23 35 33 30 42 21 15 30
 > 10 years 49 45 42 44 37 54 55 52
Graduation fathers (%)
 < 10 years 31 31 29 26 38 33 38 26
 = 10 years 25 22 21 26 8 28 25 33
 > 10 years 44 47 50 48 54 39 37 41
Primary attachment figure (%)
 Mother 76 75 77 74 83.3 74 79 67
 Father 2 6 4 4 4.2 3 0 8
 Others 22 19 19 22 12.5 23 21 25
Mothers’ BMI (kg/m2) 27.6 ± 6.5 23.6 ± 4.0a 26.6 ± 6.1 27.3 ± 6.6 24.9 ± 4.7 25.7 ± 6.0 27.9 ± 6.6 22.5 ± 2.8c
Fathers’ BMI (kg/m2) 28.8 ± 4.9 27.3 ± 3.8 28.3 ± 4.8 29.0 ± 5.0 26.9 ± 3.9 28.2 ± 4.4 28.5 ± 4.8 27.7 ± 3.8
 Weight (kg) 36.1 ± 7.2 26.7 ± 3.9a 33.0 ± 7.2 35.3 ± 7.1 27.9 ± 4.2b 32.5 ± 8.3 37.1 ± 7.4 25.5 ± 3.4c,d
 Height (m) 1.30 ± 0.1 1.26 ± 0.07a 1.29 ± 0.09 1.29 ± 0.1 1.28 ± 0.07 1.28 ± 0.09 1.31 ± 0.09 1.24 ± 0.07c,d
BMI (kg/m2) 21.2 ± 2.1 16.8 ± 1.2a 19.8 ± 2.6 21.0 ± 2.1 17.0 ± 1.4b 19.4 ± 3.0 21.4 ± 2.1 16.5 ± 1.0c
 BMI-SDS 1.89 ± 0.47 0.44 ± 0.58a 1.41 ± 0.81 1.81 ± 0.47 0.50 ± 0.67b 1.35 ± 0.93 2.00 ± 0.46b 0.38 ± 0.48c

Values are means ± SD. ap < 0.05 in comparison to all OW children. bp < 0.05 in comparison to OW girls. cp < 0.05 in comparison to OW boys. dp < 0.05 in comparison to NW girls. OW, overweight, NW, normal weight.

Maier et al.

Maier et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:14   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-14

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