Table 1

Micronutrient levels in serum/plasma before and after supplementation are shown
Micronutrient Before [Mean ± SD] After [Mean ± SD] Reference value P-value
Vitamin C in plasma [μmol/L] N=31 61.22 ± 20.32 63.33 ± 12.0 45-80 n.s.
Vitamin A in plasma [μmol/L] N=35 2.21 ± 0.52 2.27 ± 0.40 > 1.05 n.s.
Vitamin E in plasma [μmol/L] N=31 36.55 ± 8.35 40.30 ± 8.68 > 16.2 p<0.05
α-Carotene in plasma [μmol/L] N=37 0.13 ± 0.12 0.15 ± 0.09 0.05–0.1 p<0.05
β-Carotene in plasma [μmol/L] N=35 0.58 ± 0.35 0.69 ± 0.47 0.3-0.6 p<0.01
Lutein in plasma [μmol/L] N=35 0.35 ± 0.16 0.40 ± 0.15 0.10–0.3 p<0.01
Lycopene in plasma [μmol/L] N=35 0.53 ± 0.22 0.45 ± 0.23 0.5–1.0 p<0.05
Vitamin B1 in serum [mmol/L] N=33 155.52 ± 49.22 187.73 ± 32.89 66–200 p<0.001
Vitamin B6 in serum [mmol/L] N= 32 83.72 ± 39.84 185.91 ± 65.56 35–110 p<0.001
Vitamin B12 in plasma [pmol/L] N=30 349.37 ± 117.08 382.40 ± 125.73 141–489 p<0.05
Folic acid in plasma [nmol/L] N=30 21.06 ± 8.64 39.8 ± 5.87 7–39.7 p<0.001
Zinc in plasma [μmol/L] N=12♀ / N=18♂ 11.34± 1.45♀ 11.36 ± 1.46♂ 11.83 ± 1.54♀ 11.03± 1.49♂ 9.0–22.0♀ 12.0–26.0♂ n.s.

n.s. = not significant.

♀ = female. ♂ = male.

von Arnim et al.

von Arnim et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:148   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-148

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