Table 1 |
||||
Age-adjusted odds ratios of demographic, medical history and clinical factors in obese children at any time before age 21 within the cohort of premature born babies | ||||
OR* | Lower †CI | Upper CI | p-value | |
Maternal demographics | ||||
Age (odds per 1 SD age increase) | 1 | 0.96 | 1.1 | 0.341 |
Race (compared with odds among Hispanic _{(n = 49)}) | ||||
White _{(n = 51)} | 0.76 | 0.3 | 1.9 | 0.560 |
Black _{(n = 11)} | 0.61 | 0.11 | 3.2 | 0.570 |
Marital status (comparison of odds with being single _{(n = 42)}) | ||||
Married _{(n = 65)} | 1.05 | 0.46 | 2.41 | 0.900 |
Divorced _{(n = 6)} | 1.8 | 0.32 | 11 | 0.491 |
Married _{(n = 83)} (v. never-married _{(n = 77)}) | 0.64 | 0.22 | 1.9 | 0.416 |
Currently single _{(n = 42)} (v. no single _{( n= 118)}) | 1.4 | 0.48 | 4.3 | 0.516 |
Maternal health status | ||||
Smoking _{(n = 32)} (v. non-smoking_{(n = 128)}) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 1.98 | 0.58 |
Hypertension _{(n = 20)} (v. no reported hypertension _{(n = 19)}) | 0.55 | 0.14 | 2.1 | 0.391 |
Diabetes _{(n = 47)} (v. no diabetes _{(n = 113)}) | 1.13 | 0.41 | 3.1 | 0.810 |
Neonatal metrics | ||||
Length of gestation (days) (risk odds per 1 SD increase in length of gestation) | 1.6 | 1.1 | 2.4 | 0.017 |
Weight according gestational age (comparison of odds among average, AGA _{(n = 124)}) | ||||
Small for gestational age, SGA _{(n = 23)} | 0.47 | 0.13 | 169 | 0.250 |
Large for gestational age, LGA _{(n = 13)} | 1.4 | 0.40 | 4.84 | 0.600 |
Categorized gestational weight (comparison of odds with among normal BW (NBW _{(n = 36)}) | ||||
Extremely low birth weight, ELBW _{(n = 18)} | 0.17 | 0.02 | 1.52 | 0.114 |
Very low birth weight, VLBW _{(n = 19)} | 0.10 | 0.28 | 3.53 | 1.00 |
Low birth weight, LBW _{(n = 87)} | 1.03 | 0.42 | 2.5 | 0.950 |
Birth weight (odds per 1 SD of increase BMI) | 3.2 | 1.7 | 5.7 | 0.001 |
Gender (male _{n = 95}v. female _{n = 65}) | 1.9 | 0.68 | 5.2 | 0.225 |
Feeding status (comparison of odds among the exclusively breast fed _{(n = 15)}) | ||||
Formula _{(n = 67)} | 1.6 | 0.03 | 1 | 0.056 |
Combination breast/formula _{(n = 67)} | 0.44 | 0.07 | 2.8 | 0.387 |
Catheters in NICU | ||||
Umbilical artery catheter _{(n = 27)} | 0.92 | 0.28 | 3.1 | 0.89 |
Umbilical venous catheter _{(n = 41)} | 0.6 | 0.19 | 1.9 | 0.379 |
Clinical parameters | ||||
Age (odds per 1 SD age increase) | 3.4 | 2.4 | 4.6 | 0.001 |
Height (odds per 1 SD hight increase) | 12 | 2.6 | 53 | 0.001 |
Systolic blood pressure (odds per 1 SD increase of BMI) | 2.4 | 1.7 | 3.3 | 0.001 |
Diastolic blood pressure (odds per 1 SD increase of BMI) | 1.4 | 1.1 | 1.9 | 0.021 |
*OR: odds ratio comparisons as noted; some are binary comparisons, some to a baseline for categorical variables. The table represent partial list of evaluated variables. †Cl: confidence interval, SD: standard deviation, BMI: body mass index.
Vasylyeva et al.
Vasylyeva et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:150 doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-150